Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 108682, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/108682
Research Article

Effect of Allelochemicals from Leaf Leachates of Gmelina arborea on Inhibition of Some Essential Seed Germination Enzymes in Green Gram, Red Gram, Black Gram, and Chickpea

1Department of Biotechnology, PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641014, India
2Department of Chemical Engineering, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu 608002, India
3Department of Microbiology, PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641014, India

Received 6 March 2014; Accepted 21 June 2014; Published 1 September 2014

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Maurizio Campo

Copyright © 2014 Ramakrishnan Madhan Shankar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Inderjit and R. M. Callaway, “Experimental designs for the study of allelopathy,” Plant and Soil, vol. 256, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. D. Coder, Potential Allelopathy in Different Tree Species, Extension publication, FOR 99-003, University of Georgia, Daniel B. Warnell, School of Forest Resources, 1999.
  3. C. H. Muller, “Allelopathy as a factor in ecological process,” Vegetatio, vol. 18, no. 1–6, pp. 348–357, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. K. K. Yeung, F. T. W. Wong, and J. T. Y. Wong, “Mimosine, the allelochemical from the leguminous tree Leucaena leucocephala, selectively enhances cell proliferation in dinoflagellates,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 68, no. 10, pp. 5160–5163, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Brandis, “Growing multipurpose trees on small farms,” in Species Fact Sheet, pp. 104–107, RAP Publication, Bangkok, Thailand, 2nd edition, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Jensen, “Trees commonly cultivated in South East Asia,” in Illustrated Field Guide, p. 93, RAP Publication, Thailand, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  7. S. R. M. Shankar, R. Girish, N. Karthik, R. Rajendran, and V. S. Mahendran, “Allelopathic effects of phenolics and terpenoids extracted from Gmelina arborea on germination of black gram (Vigna mungo) and green gram (Vigna radiata),” Allelopathy Journal, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 323–332, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. F. Harrington, “Packaging seed for storage and shipment,” Seed Science and Technology, vol. 1, pp. 701–709, 1963. View at Google Scholar
  9. A. M. Wiese and L. K. Binning, “Calculating the threshold temperature of development for weeds,” Weed Science, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 177–179, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  10. M. M. Bradford, “A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein dye binding,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 72, no. 1-2, pp. 248–254, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. A. Einhelling, “Mechanisms and modes of action of allelochemicals,” in The Science of Allelopathy, A. R. Putman and C. S. Tang, Eds., pp. 171–188, Wiley-Interscience, New York, NY, USA, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  12. B. Chance and A. C. Maehly, “Assay of catalases and peroxidases,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 2, pp. 764–775, 1955. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. P. Malik and M. B. Singh, Plant Enzymology and Histology, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India, 1980.
  14. P. Bernfeld, “Enzymes of carbohydrates metabolisms—amylases α and β,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 1, pp. 149–158, 1955. View at Google Scholar
  15. L. M. Shannon, E. Kay, and J. Y. Lew, “Peroxidase isozymes from horseradish roots. I. Isolation and physical properties.,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 241, no. 9, pp. 2166–2172, 1966. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Sasikumar, C. Vijayalakshmi, and K. T. Parthiban, “Allelopathic effects of four Eucalyptus sp. on red gram (Cajanus cajan),” Journal of Tropical Agriculture, vol. 39, pp. 134–135, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  17. I. Terzi, “Allelopathic effects of Juglone and decomposed walnut leaf juice on muskmelon and cucumber seed germination and seedling growth,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 1870–1874, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. B. Pawar and P. D. Chavan, “Influence of leaf leachates of soybean, Moringa, Parthenium and Eucalyptus on carbohydrate metabolism in germinating seeds of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench,” Allelopathy Journal, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 543–548, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Senna, V. Simonin, M. A. C. Silva-Neto, and E. Fialho, “Induction of acid phosphatase activity during germination of maize (Zea mays) seeds,” Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, vol. 44, no. 7–9, pp. 467–473, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. N. P. Matveyeva, D. S. Andreyuk, and I. P. Yermakov, “Transport of Cl- across the plasma membrane during pollen grain germination in tobacco,” Biochemistry, vol. 68, no. 11, pp. 1247–1251, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus