Table of Contents
ISRN Veterinary Science
Volume 2014, Article ID 123904, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/123904
Research Article

A Serological Survey of Akabane Virus Infection in Cattle in Sudan

Veterinary Research Institute, P.O. Box 8067, Khartoum, Sudan

Received 21 October 2013; Accepted 18 December 2013; Published 21 January 2014

Academic Editors: W. C. Wilson and W. Yang

Copyright © 2014 Amira M. Elhassan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. A. Murphy, E. P. J. Gibbs, M. C. Horzinek, and M. J. Studdert, “Bunyaviridae,” in Veterinary Virology, pp. 469–483, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 3rd edition, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  2. H. Kurogi, K. Akiba, Y. Inaba, and M. Matumoto, “Isolation of akabane virus from the biting midge Culicoides oxystoma in Japan,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 243–248, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. J. Hartley, W. G. De Saram, A. J. Della-Porta, W. A. Snowdon, and N. C. Shepherd, “Pathology of congenital bovine epizootic arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly and its relationship to Akabane virus,” Australian Veterinary Journal, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 319–325, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Jagoe, P. D. Kirkland, and P. A. Harper, “An outbreak of Akabane virus-induced abnormalities in calves after agistment in an endemic region,” Australian Veterinary Journal, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 56–58, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Miura, Y. Inaba, T. Tsuda et al., “A survey of antibodies to arthropod-borne viruses in Indonesian cattle,” The Japanese Journal of Veterinary Science, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 857–863, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Kurogi, Y. Inaba, and Y. Goto, “Serologic evidence for etiologic role of Akabane virus in epizootic abortion arthrogryposis hydranencephaly in cattle in Japan, 1972–1974,” Archives of Virology, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 71–83, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Konno, M. Moriwaki, and M. Nakagawa, “Akabane disease in cattle: congenital abnormalities caused by viral infection. Spontaneous disease,” Veterinary Pathology, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 246–266, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Brenner, T. Tsuda, H. Yadin, and T. Kato, “Serological evidence of akabane virus infection in northern Israel in 2001,” Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 441–443, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. Metselaar and Y. Robin, “Akabane virus isolated in Kenya,” Veterinary Record, vol. 99, no. 5, p. 86, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Inaba, H. Kurogi, and T. Omori, “Letter: Akabane disease: epizootic abortion, premature birth, stillbirth and congenital arthrogryposis-hydranencephaly in cattle, sheep and goats caused by Akabane virus,” Australian Veterinary Journal, vol. 51, no. 12, pp. 584–585, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. Kurogi, Y. Inaba, and E. Takahashi, “Congenital abnormalities in newborn calves after inoculation of pregnant cows with Akabane virus,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 338–343, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Shimshony, “An epizootic of Akabane disease in bovines, ovines and caprines in Israel, 1969-70: epidemiological assessment,” Acta Morphologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, vol. 28, no. 1-2, pp. 197–199, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. D. Yonguç, W. P. Taylor, L. Csontos, and E. Worrall, “Bluetongue in western Turkey,” Veterinary Record, vol. 111, no. 7, pp. 144–146, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. K. Liao, Y. S. Lu, Y. Goto, and Y. Inaba, “The isolation of Akabane virus (Iriki strain) from calves in Taiwan,” Journal of Basic Microbiology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 33–39, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. K. Lee, J. S. Park, J. H. Choi et al., “Encephalomyelitis associated with akabane virus infection in adult cows,” Veterinary Pathology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 269–273, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. E. Mohamed, P. S. Mellor, and W. P. Taylor, “Akabane virus: serological survey of antibodies in livestock in the Sudan,” Revue d'éLevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 285–288, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. W. Martin, A. H. Meek, and P. Willeberg, Veterinary Epidemiology Principles and Methods, Lowa States University Press, 1987.
  18. Q. Jun, M. Qingling, Z. Zaichao et al., “A serological survey of Akabane virus infection in cattle and sheep in northwest China,” Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 1817–1820.