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This article has been retracted as it is found to contain a substantial amount of material, without referencing, from the Dissertation titled “A Comparative Study to Assess the Availability and Utilization of Reproductive and Child Health Services Between Rural and Urban Antenatal Care Set Up in Maharashtra with Assessment of Effect of Close Supervision and Support in Selective Subjects in Both Groups,” by Nitin Pandurang Mahajan and Abhiram M. Kasbe.

View the full Retraction here.


  1. H. Mahajan and B. Sharma, “Utilization of maternal and child health care services by primigravida females in urban and rural areas of India,” ISRN Preventive Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 123918, 10 pages, 2014.
ISRN Preventive Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 123918, 10 pages
Research Article

Utilization of Maternal and Child Health Care Services by Primigravida Females in Urban and Rural Areas of India

1Department of Community Medicine, RCSM GMC, Kolhapur 416002, India
2Community Medicine Department, PIMS Medical College, Garha Road, Jajandhar, Punjab 144006, India

Received 30 January 2014; Accepted 10 March 2014; Published 26 March 2014

Academic Editors: P. Bi and E. M. Malik

Copyright © 2014 Hemant Mahajan and Bhuwan Sharma. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Maternal complications and poor perinatal outcome are highly associated with nonutilisation of antenatal and delivery care services and poor socioeconomic conditions of the patient. It is essential that all pregnant women have access to high quality obstetric care throughout their pregnancies. Present longitudinal study was carried out to compare utilization of maternal and child health care services by urban and rural primigravida females. A total of 240 study participants were enrolled in this study. More illiteracy and less mean age at the time of marriage were observed in rural population. Poor knowledge about prelacteal feed, colostrums, tetanus injection and iron-follic acid tablet consumption was noted in both urban and rural areas. Very few study participants from both areas were counselled for HIV testing before pregnancy. More numbers of abortions (19.2%) were noted in urban study participants compared to rural area. Thus utilization of maternal and child health care (MCH) services was poor in both urban and rural areas. A sustained and focussed IEC campaign to improve the awareness amongst community on MCH will help in improving community participation. This may improve the quality, accessibility, and utilization of maternal health care services provided by the government agencies in both rural and urban areas.