Table of Contents
ISRN Signal Processing
Volume 2014, Article ID 140545, 12 pages
Research Article

A Spectrum Sensing Scheme for Partially Polarized Waves over α-μ Generalized Gamma Fading Channels

Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt

Received 9 November 2013; Accepted 19 December 2013; Published 9 February 2014

Academic Editors: N. Bouguila and C.-M. Kuo

Copyright © 2014 Mohamed A. Hankal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Schemes for spectrum holes sensing for cognitive radio based on the estimation of the Stokes parameters of monochromatic and quasimonochromatic polarized electromagnetic waves are developed. Statistical information that includes the variations of the polarization state in both cases (present and absent) of Primary User (PU) is accounted for. A detector based on the fluctuation of the Stokes parameters is analyzed, and its performance is compared with that of energy detectors, which use only the scalar amplitude information to sense the PU signal. The cooperative spectrum sensing based on the polarization in which the reporting channels are noisy will be investigated. The cluster technique is proposed to reduce the bit error probability due to channel impairment. A closed-form expression for the polarization detection is derived using α-μ generalized fading model, which provides directly an expression for the special cases of Nakagami-m and Weibull models as well as their derivatives. These expressions are verified using simulation. The results show that the polarization spectrum sensing gives superior performance for a wide range of SNR over the conventional energy detection method.