Table of Contents
ISRN Oncology
Volume 2014, Article ID 159049, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/159049
Research Article

Association of Mammographic Breast Density with Dairy Product Consumption, Sun Exposure, and Daily Activity

1Surgery Department, Arash Women’s Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Radiology Department, Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Radiology Department, Arash Women’s Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5Research Development Center, Arash Women’s Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Received 12 December 2013; Accepted 22 January 2014; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editors: G. Gatti and M. Loizidou

Copyright © 2014 Sadaf Alipour et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. A. McCormack and I. dos Santos Silva, “Breast density and parenchymal patterns as markers of breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1159–1169, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. M. Vachon, V. S. Pankratz, C. G. Scott et al., “Longitudinal trends in mammographic percent density and breast cancer risk,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 921–928, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Alipour, L. Bayani, A. Saberi, A. Alikhassi, L. Hosseini, and B. Eslami, “Imperfect correlation of mammographic and clinical breast tissue density,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 3685–3688, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Galukande and E. Kiguli-Malwadde, “Mammographic breast density patterns among a group of women in sub Saharan Africa,” African Health Sciences, vol. 12, pp. 422–425, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  5. C. S. Wong, G. H. Lim, F. Gao et al., “Mammographic density and its interaction with other breast cancer risk factors in an Asian population,” The British Journal of Cancer, vol. 104, no. 5, pp. 871–874, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Yaghjyan, G. A. Colditz, B. Rosner, and R. M. Tamimi, “Mammographic breast density and breast cancer risk by menopausal status, postmenopausal hormone use and a family history of breast cancer,” Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 785–790, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. E. Kelemen, V. S. Pankratz, T. A. Sellers et al., “Age-specific trends in mammographic density: the Minnesota breast cancer family study,” The American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 167, no. 9, pp. 1027–1036, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Titus-Ernstoff, A. N. A. Tosteson, C. Kasales et al., “Breast cancer risk factors in relation to breast density (United States),” Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1281–1290, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. M. Checka, J. E. Chun, F. R. Schnabel, J. Lee, and H. Toth, “The relationship of mammographic density and age: implications for breast cancer screening,” The American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 198, no. 3, pp. W292–W295, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. A. Thomson, L. A. Arendell, R. L. Bruhn et al., “Pilot study of dietary influences on mammographic density in pre- and postmenopausal Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women,” Menopause, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 243–250, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. O. Voevodina, C. Billich, B. Arand, and G. Nagel, “Association of Mediterranean diet, dietary supplements and alcohol consumption with breast density among women in South Germany: a cross-sectional study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 13, article 203, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. N. S. M. F. Voon and K. K. Chelliah, “Is there an influence of dietary habits on breast density as seen on digital mammograms?” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1969–1972, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. Riza, D. Remoundos, E. Bakali, E. Karadedou-Zafiriadou, D. Linos, and A. Linos, “Anthropometric characteristics and mammographic parenchymal patterns in post-menopausal women: a population-based study in Northern Greece,” Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 181–191, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. M. Butler, E. B. Gold, S. M. Conroy et al., “Active, but not passive cigarette smoking was inversely associated with mammographic density,” Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 301–311, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. Bremnes, G. Ursin, N. Bjurstam, and I. T. Gram, “Different measures of smoking exposure and mammographic density in postmenopausal Norwegian women: a cross-sectional study,” Breast Cancer Research, vol. 9, no. 5, article R73, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. M. Conroy, L. M. Butler, D. Harvey et al., “Metabolic syndrome and mammographic density: the study of women's health across the nation,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 129, no. 7, pp. 1699–1707, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. H. Wu, S. C. Ho, E. So et al., “Sunlight exposure and breast density: a population-based study,” Journal of Breast Cancer, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 171–177, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. M. Conroy, L. M. Butler, D. Harvey et al., “Physical activity and change in mammographic density,” The American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 171, no. 9, pp. 960–968, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. López, L. van Horni, L. A. Colangelo, J. A. Wolfman, R. E. Hendrick, and S. M. Gapsturi, “Physical inactivity and percent breast density among hispanic women,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 107, no. 6, pp. 1012–1016, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Garcia-Manso, C. J. Garcia-Orellana, H. M. Gonzalez-Velasco, R. Gallardo-Caballero, and M. Macias-Macias, “Study of the effect of breast tissue density on detection of masses in mammograms,” Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 213794, 10 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. P. Mirmiran, F. Hosseini-Esfahani, M. Jessri, L. K. Mahan, N. Shiva, and F. Azizi, “Does dietary intake by Tehranian adults align with the 2005 dietary guidelines for Americans? Observations from the Tehran lipid and glucose study,” Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 39–52, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Garriguet, “Diet quality in Canada,” Health Reports, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 41–52, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. T. Dwyer, “Nutrition guidelines and education of the public,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 131, no. 11, pp. 3074S–3077S, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Z. Maghsoudi, G. Askari, R. Ghiasvand et al., “Dairy consumption and stroke risk,” International Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 4, pp. S294–S299, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  25. C. S. Berkey, G. A. Colditz, H. R. H. Rockett, A. L. Frazier, and W. C. Willett, “Dairy consumption and female height growth: prospective cohort study,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1881–1887, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. N. F. Boyd, “Mammographic density and risk of breast cancer,” in American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book, pp. 57–62, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. A. Knight, L. J. Martin, C. V. Greenberg et al., “Macronutrient intake and change in mammographic density at menopause: results from a randomized trial,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 123–128, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. A. Qureshi, E. Couto, M. Hilsen, S. Hofvind, A. H. Wu, and G. Ursin, “Mammographic density and intake of selected nutrients and vitamins in Norwegian women,” Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 1011–1020, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. E. Sala, R. Warren, S. Duffy, A. Welch, R. Luben, and N. Day, “High risk mammographic parenchymal patterns and diet: a case-control study,” The British Journal of Cancer, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 121–126, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Ursin, C. Sun, W. Koh et al., “Associations between soy, diet, reproductive factors, and mammographic density in Singapore Chinese women,” Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 128–135, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Bérubé, C. Diorio, W. Verhoek-Oftedahl, and J. Brisson, “Vitamin D, calcium, and mammographic breast densities,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1466–1472, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Bérubé, C. Diorio, B. Mâsse et al., “Vitamin D and calcium intakes from food or supplements and mammographic breast density,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1653–1659, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. Masala, D. Ambrogetti, M. Assedi, D. Giorgi, M. R. Del Turco, and D. Palli, “Dietary and lifestyle determinants of mammographic breast density. A longitudinal study in a Mediterranean population,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 118, no. 7, pp. 1782–1789, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Y. Takata, G. Maskarinec, S. Park, S. P. Murphy, L. R. Wilkens, and L. N. Kolonel, “Mammographic density and dietary patterns: the multiethnic cohort,” European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 409–414, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. G. Mishra, V. McCormack, D. Kuh, R. Hardy, A. Stephen, and I. dos Santos Silva, “Dietary calcium and vitamin D intakes in childhood and throughout adulthood and mammographic density in a British birth cohort,” The British Journal of Cancer, vol. 99, no. 9, pp. 1539–1543, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. B. Peplonska, A. Bukowska, W. Sobala et al., “Rotating night shift work and mammographic density,” Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1028–1037, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. K. P. M. Suijkerbuijk, F. J. B. van Duijnhoven, C. H. van Gils et al., “Physical activity in relation to mammographic density in the Dutch prospect-European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 456–460, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C. C. Siozon, H. Ma, M. Hilsen, L. Bernstein, and G. Ursin, “The association between recreational physical activity and mammographic density,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 119, no. 7, pp. 1695–1701, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. G. Samimi, G. A. Colditz, H. J. Baer, and R. M. Tamimi, “Measures of energy balance and mammographic density in the Nurses' health study,” Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 113–122, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. N. Oestreicher, A. Capra, J. Bromberger et al., “Physical activity and mammographic density in a cohort of midlife women,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 451–456, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. C. G. Woolcott, K. S. Courneya, N. F. Boyd et al., “Mammographic density change with 1 year of aerobic exercise among postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1112–1121, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. E. A. Marmara, X. N. Papacharalambous, V. E. Kouloulias, D. M. Maridaki, and J. P. Baltopoulos, “Physical activity and mammographic parenchymal patterns among Greek postmenopausal women,” Maturitas, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 74–80, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. S. A. Qureshi, M. Ellingjord-Dale, S. Hofvind, A. H. Wu, and G. Ursin, “Physical activity and mammographic density in a cohort of postmenopausal Norwegian women, a cross-sectional study,” SpringerPlus, vol. 1, article 75, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. H. Dahifar, A. Faraji, A. Ghorbani, and S. Yassobi, “Impact of dietary and lifestyle on vitamin D in healthy student girls aged 11–15 years,” Journal of Medical Investigation, vol. 53, no. 3-4, pp. 204–208, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. C. J. Caspersen, K. E. Powell, and G. M. Christenson, “Physical activity, exercise and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research,” Public Health Reports, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 126–131, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus