Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 179037, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/179037
Research Article

Effect of Healing Time on Bone-Implant Contact of Orthodontic Micro-Implants: A Histologic Study

1Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2Oral & Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Department of General Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Received 4 February 2014; Accepted 2 March 2014; Published 6 April 2014

Academic Editors: J. H. Jeng and L. Levin

Copyright © 2014 Barat Ali Ramazanzadeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of immediate and delayed loading of orthodontic micro-implants on bone-implant contact. Materials and Methods. Sixty four micro-implants were implanted in dog's jaw bone. The micro-implants were divided into loaded and unloaded (control) groups. The control group had two subgroups: four and eight weeks being implanted. The loaded group had two subgroups of immediate loading and delayed (after four weeks healing) loading. Loaded samples were subjected to 200g load for four weeks. After sacrificing the animals micro-implants and surrounding tissues were observed histologically. Bone-implant contact ratios (BIC) were calculated and different groups' results were compared by three-way ANOVA. Results. Mean survival rate was 96.7% in general. Survival rates were 96.7%, 94.4% and 100% for control, immediate and delayed loaded groups, respectively. BIC values were not significantly different in loaded and control groups, immediate and delayed loading groups, and pressure and tension sides. Mandibular micro-implants had significantly higher BIC than maxillary ones in immediate loading, 4-weeks control, and 8-weeks control groups (P = 0.021, P = 0.009, P = 0.003, resp.). Conclusion Immediate or delayed loading of micro-implants in dog did not cause significant difference in Bone-implant contact which could be concluded that healing time had not significant effect on micro-implant stability.