Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 179037, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/179037
Research Article

Effect of Healing Time on Bone-Implant Contact of Orthodontic Micro-Implants: A Histologic Study

1Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2Oral & Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Department of General Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Received 4 February 2014; Accepted 2 March 2014; Published 6 April 2014

Academic Editors: J. H. Jeng and L. Levin

Copyright © 2014 Barat Ali Ramazanzadeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. B. Cope, “Temporary anchorage devices in orthodontics: a paradigm shift,” Seminars in Orthodontics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 3–9, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P.-I. Branemark, “Osseointegration and its experimental background,” The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 399–410, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. A. Papadopoulos and F. Tarawneh, “The use of miniscrew implants for temporary skeletal anchorage in orthodontics: a comprehensive review,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology, vol. 103, no. 5, pp. e6–e15, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Costa, M. Raffainl, and B. Melsen, “Miniscrews as orthodontic anchorage: a preliminary report,” The International Journal of Adult Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 201–209, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Melsen and C. Verna, “A rational approach to orthodontic anchorage,” Progress in Orthodontics, vol. 1, pp. 10–22, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Degidi, G. Petrone, G. Iezzi, and A. Piattelli, “Histologic evaluation of a human immediately loaded titanium implant with a porous anodized surface,” Clinical implant dentistry and related research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 110–114, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. E. Romanos, C. G. Toh, C. H. Siar, H. Wicht, H. Yacoob, and G.-H. Nentwig, “Bone-implant interface around titanium implants under different loading conditions: a histomorphometrical analysis in the Macaca fascicularis monkey,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 74, no. 10, pp. 1483–1490, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. H. Siar, C. G. Toh, G. Romanos et al., “Peri-implant soft tissue integration of immediately loaded implants in the posterior macaque mandible: a histomorphometric study,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 571–578, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Q. Z. Zheng, X. Q. Xie, X. M. Xie, J. Wang, and X. J. Yu, “Clinical stability of immediate load of domestic micro-titanium screws for anchorage in orthodontics,” Shanghai Journal of Stomatology, vol. 18, pp. 461–466, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  10. T. Takaki, N. Tamura, M. Yamamoto et al., “Clinical study of temporary anchorage devices for orthodontic treatment–stability of micro/mini-screws and mini-plates: experience with 455 cases,” The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 151–163, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H.-J. Lim, Y.-J. Choi, C. A. Evans, and H.-S. Hwang, “Predictors of initial stability of orthodontic miniscrew implants,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 528–532, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C.-H. Moon, D.-G. Lee, H.-S. Lee, J.-S. Im, and S.-H. Baek, “Factors associated with the success rate of orthodontic miniscrews placed in the upper and lower posterior buccal region,” Angle Orthodontist, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 101–106, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. Topouzelis and P. Tsaousoglou, “Clinical factors correlated with the success rate of miniscrews in orthodontic treatment,” International Journal of Oral Science, vol. 4, pp. 38–44, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  14. J.-Y. Cha, T. Takano-Yamamoto, and C.-J. Hwang, “The effect of miniscrew taper morphology on insertion and removal torque in dogs,” The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 777–783, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Y. Suzuki and B. Suzuki, “Placement and removal torque values of orthodontic miniscrew implants,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 139, no. 5, pp. 669–678, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. W. Woods, P. H. Buschang, S. E. Owens, P. E. Rossouw, and L. A. Opperman, “The effect of force, timing, and location on bone-to-implant contact of miniscrew implants,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 232–240, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Yano, M. Motoyoshi, M. Uemura, A. Ono, and N. Shimizu, “Tapered orthodontic miniscrews induce bone-screw cohesion following immediate loading,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 541–546, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Deguchi, T. Takano-Yamamoto, R. Kanomi, J. K. Hartsfield Jr., W. E. Roberts, and L. P. Garetto, “The use of small titanium screws for orthodontic anchorage,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 82, no. 5, pp. 377–381, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. Zhao, Z. Xu, Z. Yang, X. Wei, T. Tang, and Z. Zhao, “Orthodontic mini-implant stability in different healing times before loading: a microscopic computerized tomographic and biomechanical analysis,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 196–202, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Y. Li, J. Wu, L. Zheng, and T. Tang, “Osseointegration of orthodontic micro-screws after immediate and early loading,” Angle Orthodontist, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 354–360, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Büchter, D. Wiechmann, C. Gaertner et al., “Load-related bone modelling at the interface of orthodontic micro-implants,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 714–722, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. Luzi, C. Verna, and B. Melsen, “Immediate loading of orthodontic mini-implants: a histomorphometric evaluation of tissue reaction,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 21–29, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Ma, W. Zhang, L. Wang, C. Zhao, and W. Chen, “Stability and bone response of immediately loaded micro-implants in beagle dogs,” International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 885–890, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. N. O. Freire, N. R. F. A. Silva, J. N. Gil, R. S. Magini, and P. G. Coelho, “Histomorphologic and histomophometric evaluation of immediately and early loaded mini-implants for orthodontic anchorage,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 131, no. 6, pp. 704.e1–704.e9, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. Melsen and A. Costa, “Immediate loading of implants used for orthodontic anchorage,” Clinical Orthodontics and Research, vol. 3, pp. 23–28, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. Miyawaki, I. Koyama, M. Inoue, K. Mishima, T. Sugahara, and T. Takano-Yamamoto, “Factors associated with the stability of titanium screws placed in the posterior region for orthodontic anchorage,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 124, no. 4, pp. 373–378, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. W. Freudenthaler, R. Haas, and H.-P. Bantleon, “Bicortical titanium screws for critical orthodontic anchorage in the mandible: a preliminary report on clinical applications,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 358–363, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Büchter, D. Wiechmann, S. Koerdt, H. P. Wiesmann, J. Piffko, and U. Meyer, “Load-related implant reaction of mini-implants used for orthodontic anchorage,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 473–479, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Çehreli and A. Arman-Özrpc, “Primary stability and histomorphometric bone-implant contact of self-drilling and self-tapping orthodontic microimplants,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 141, no. 2, pp. 187–195, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus