Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 205872, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/205872
Research Article

“Silent Voices”: A Description of Views and Attitudes of Health Professionals towards Reproduction by HIV Positive People

Department of Development Studies, Lupane State University, 44 H. Chitepo Street, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Received 24 March 2014; Accepted 5 June 2014; Published 4 August 2014

Academic Editor: Gian V. Zuccotti

Copyright © 2014 Vezumuzi Ndlovu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The role of health professionals in the decision making process of patients is usually heard or seen from the perspective of the patients. This paper gives the usually silent and invisible health professionals voice and visibility. It describes their views and attitudes towards reproduction by couples who are HIV positive and attempts to understand their perspectives. Methods. In-depth interviews were conducted with twelve health professionals at an opportunistic infections clinic. Transcribed interviews were analysed using the grounded approach to identify patterns and themes concerning views and attitudes of health professionals towards reproduction by HIV positive people. Results. The study found that most health professionals generally had a negative attitude towards childbearing by HIV positive couples. Their views and approaches on the issue were based mainly on biomedical considerations. The main discourses on childbearing that emerged from the study were the conditional choice, the antichildbearing, and the prorights. Conclusion. Most of the health professionals interviewed tend to take a generally negative stance towards reproduction by people with HIV/AIDS. There is a need for a clear set of guidelines for health professionals (HPs) on how to deal with HIV positive people who may desire to reproduce.