Table of Contents
ISRN Stroke
Volume 2014, Article ID 208195, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/208195
Research Article

Screening of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation after Ischemic Stroke: 48-Hour Holter Monitoring versus Prolonged Intermittent ECG Recording

1Department of Internal Medicine, Skaraborgs Sjukhus Skövde, 54152 Skövde, Sweden
2Department of Research and Development, Skaraborgs Sjukhus Skövde, 54152 Skövde, Sweden
3Department of Internal Medicine, Skaraborgs Sjukhus Lidköping, 53185 Lidköping, Sweden
4University of Gothenburg, P.O. Box 100, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden

Received 6 December 2013; Accepted 9 January 2014; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editors: E. Berge and M. Paciaroni

Copyright © 2014 Gustav Orrsjö et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. A. Wolf, R. D. Abbott, and W. B. Kannel, “Atrial fibrillation as an independent risk factor for stroke: the Framingham study,” Stroke, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 983–988, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. H. Hohnloser, D. Pajitnev, J. Pogue et al., “Incidence of stroke in paroxysmal versus sustained atrial fibrillation in patients taking oral anticoagulation or combined antiplatelet therapy: an Active W substudy,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 50, no. 22, pp. 2156–2161, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Friberg, N. Hammar, and M. Rosenqvist, “Stroke in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: report from the Stockholm Cohort of Atrial Fibrillation,” European Heart Journal, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 967–975, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. W. Albers, D. G. Sherman, D. R. Gress, J. E. Paulseth, and P. Petersen, “Stroke prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: a review of prospective randomized trials,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 511–518, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. S. Healey, S. J. Connolly, M. R. Gold et al., “Subclinical atrial fibrillation and the risk of stroke,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 366, no. 2, pp. 120–129, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A.-M. Sinha, H.-C. Diener, C. A. Morillo et al., “Cryptogenic stroke and underlying atrial fibrillation (CRYSTAL AF): design and rationale,” The American Heart Journal, vol. 160, no. 1, pp. 36–41, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. L. Page, W. E. Wilkinson, W. K. Clair, E. A. McCarthy, and E. L. C. Pritchett, “Asymptomatic arrhythmias in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia,” Circulation, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 224–227, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Kamel, M. Hegde, D. R. Johnson, B. F. Gage, and S. C. Johnston, “Cost-effectiveness of outpatient cardiac monitoring to detect atrial fibrillation after ischemic stroke,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1514–1520, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. C. Flint, N. M. Banki, X. Ren, V. A. Rao, and A. S. Go, “Detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation by 30-day event monitoring in cryptogenic ischemic stroke: the Stroke and Monitoring for PAF in Real Time (SMART) Registry,” Stroke, vol. 43, pp. 2788–2790, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. R. Stahrenberg, M. Weber-Krüger, J. Seegers et al., “Enhanced detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation by early and prolonged continuous holter monitoring in patients with cerebral ischemia presenting in sinus rhythm,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 2884–2888, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. C. S. Seet, P. A. Friedman, and A. A. Rabinstein, “Prolonged rhythm monitoring for the detection of occult paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in ischemic stroke of unknown cause,” Circulation, vol. 124, no. 4, pp. 477–486, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. Gaillard, S. Deltour, B. Vilotijevic et al., “Detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation with transtelephonic EKG in TIA or stroke patients,” Neurology, vol. 74, no. 21, pp. 1666–1670, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Doliwa Sobocinski, E. Anggårdh Rooth, V. Frykman Kull, M. von Arbin, H. Wallén, and M. Rosenqvist, “Improved screening for silent atrial fibrillation after ischaemic stroke,” Europace, vol. 14, pp. 1112–1116, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Asplund, K. Hulter Åsberg, P. Appelros et al., “The Riks-Stroke story: building a sustainable national register for quality assessment of stroke care,” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 99–108, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. S. Doliwa, V. Frykman, and M. Rosenqvist, “Short-term ECG for out of hospital detection of silent atrial fibrillation episodes,” Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 163–168, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Calkins, J. Brugada, D. L. Packer et al., “HRS/EHRA/ECAS expert consensus statement on catheter and surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation: recommendations for personnel, policy, procedures and follow-up. A report of the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) Task Force on catheter and surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation,” Europace, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 335–379, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Suissa, S. Lachaud, and M. H. Mahagne, “Optimal timing and duration of continuous electrocardiographic monitoring for detecting atrial fibrillation in stroke patients,” Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 991–995, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. C. R. Kerr and K. Humphries, “Gender-related differences in atrial fibrillation,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 1307–1308, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. O. Alhadramy, T. J. Jeerakathil, S. R. Majumdar, E. Najjar, J. Choy, and M. Saqqur, “Prevalence and predictors of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation on holter monitor in patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 2596–2600, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Wohlfahrt, R. Stahrenberg, M. Weber-Krüger et al., “Clinical predictors to identify paroxysmal atrial fibrillation after ischaemic stroke,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 21–27, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. Z. Binici, T. Intzilakis, O. W. Nielsen, L. Køber, and A. Sajadieh, “Excessive supraventricular ectopic activity and increased risk of atrial fibrillation and stroke,” Circulation, vol. 121, no. 17, pp. 1904–1911, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. V. Glotzer, E. G. Daoud, D. G. Wyse et al., “The Relationship between daily atrial tachyarrhythmia burden from implantable device diagnostics and stroke risk the trends study,” Circulation, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 474–480, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus