Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 259379, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/259379
Research Article

Pumice Characteristics and Their Utilization on the Synthesis of Mesoporous Minerals and on the Removal of Heavy Metals

1Geological Sciences Department, NRC, Dokki, Cairo 12622, Egypt
2Physical Chemistry Department, NRC, Dokki, Cairo 12622, Egypt
3Research Department, Trace Elements Lab, Chemistry Administration, 12 Ramsis Street, Cairo 11522, Egypt
4Refractories, Ceramics and Building Materials Department, NRC, Dokki, Cairo 12622, Egypt

Received 11 March 2014; Revised 29 June 2014; Accepted 10 July 2014; Published 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Arthur P. Schwab

Copyright © 2014 A. I. M. Ismail et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Wastewater treatment of some heavy metals was carried out by synthetic zeolite P1, which was prepared by alkaline hydrothermal treatment of the pumice. Both of the pumice raw materials and synthetic zeolite were investigated for their chemical phase composition, physical properties, and microstructure. The adsorption behavior of Na-zeolite P1 with respect to Co+2, Cu+2, Fe+2, and Cd+2 has been studied to be applied in the industrial wastewater treatment. Metal removal was investigated using synthetic solutions at different ions concentrations, time, and Na-P1 zeolite doses as well as constant temperature and pH. It is concluded that the optimum conditions for synthesis of highly active Na-P1 zeolite from natural pumice raw material are one molar NaOH concentration, temperature at 80°C, and one week as a crystallization time. In addition to the effect of time and zeolite dose as well as the ion concentration of the reaction efficiency for metals removals are recorded.