Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2014, Article ID 260539, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/260539
Research Article

Knowledge and Attitude of Nigerian Pregnant Women towards Antenatal Exercise: A Cross-Sectional Survey

1Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
2Departments of Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Perinatology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
3Departments of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
4Department of Physiotherapy, University Health Services, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
5Department of Physiotherapy, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Received 19 February 2014; Accepted 19 March 2014; Published 14 April 2014

Academic Editors: D. Ayres-de-Campos and C. Iavazzo

Copyright © 2014 Chidozie E. Mbada et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Palaniappan, “Role of antenatal care in safe motherhood,” Journal of the Indian Medical Association, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 53–54, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. V. O. Awusi, E. B. Anyanwu, and V. Okeleke, “Determinants of antenatal care services utilization,” Benin Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 21–26, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  3. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (ACOG) and Committee on Obstetric Practice, “‘Exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period’. ACOG Committee Opinion Number 267,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 171–173, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. L. A. Wolfe and G. A. L. Davies, “Canadian guidelines for exercise in pregnancy,” Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 488–495, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Barakat, M. Pelaez, R. Montejo, M. Luaces, and M. Zakynthinaki, “Exercise during pregnancy improves maternal health perception: a randomized controlled trial,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 204, no. 5, pp. 402.e1–402.e7, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. W. Wang and B. S. Apgar, “Exercise during pregnancy,” American Family Physician, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1846–1852, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. P. Ribeiro and H. Milanez, “Knowledge, attitude and practice of women in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil with respect to physical exercise in pregnancy: a descriptive study,” Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 31, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. F. Clapp III, H. Kim, B. Burciu, and B. Lopez, “Beginning regular exercise in early pregnancy: effect on fetoplacental growth,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 183, no. 6, pp. 1484–1488, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. K. Riemann and I. K. Hansen, “Effects on the foetus of exercise in pregnancy,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 12–19, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Chasan-Taber, “Physical activity and dietary behaviors associated with weight gain and impaired glucose tolerance among pregnant Latinas,” Advances in Nutrition, vol. 3, pp. 108–118, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. M. F. Mottola and S. M. Ruchat, “Exercise guidelines for women with gestational diabetes,” in Gestational Diabetes by Miroslav Radenkovic, InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 2011, http://www.intechopen.com/books/gestational-diabetes/exercise-guidelines-for-women-with-gestationaldiabetes. View at Google Scholar
  12. J. F. Clapp III, “The course of labor after endurance exercise during pregnancy,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 163, no. 6, pp. 1799–1805, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. R. Kardel and T. Kase, “Training in pregnant women: effects on fetal development and birth,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 178, no. 2, pp. 280–286, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Wadsworth, “The benefits of exercise in pregnancy,” Journal for Nurse Practitioners, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 333–339, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. M. Donald, “Lower back pain during pregnancy,” Nursing Journal of India, vol. 12, no. 15, pp. 43–49, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  16. S. Mørkved, K. Bø, B. Schei, and K. Å. Salvesen, “Pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy to prevent urinary incontinence: a single-blind randomized controlled trial,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 101, no. 2, pp. 313–319, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Stephenson and L. O'Connor, Obstetric and Gynaecologic Care in Physical Therapy, Charles B. Slack, Thorofare, NJ, USA, 2ndn edition, 2000.
  18. J. M. Pivarnik, H. O. Chambliss, J. F. Clapp et al., “Impact of physical activity during pregnancy and postpartum on chronic disease risk,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 989–1006, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. R. Evenson, M. Moos, K. Carrier, and A. M. Siega-Riz, “Perceived barriers to physical activity among pregnant women,” Maternal and Child Health Journal, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 364–375, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Clarke and H. Gross, “Women's behaviour, beliefs and information sources about physical exercise in pregnancy,” Midwifery, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 133–141, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. Duncombe, E. H. Wertheim, H. Skouteris, S. J. Paxton, and L. Kelly, “Factors related to exercise over the course of pregnancy including women's beliefs about the safety of exercise during pregnancy,” Midwifery, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 430–438, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. E. Krans, J. G. Gearhart, P. M. Dubbert, P. M. Klar, A. L. Miller, and W. H. Replogle, “Pregnant women's beliefs and influences regarding exercise during pregnancy,” Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 67–73, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. F. Moran, V. L. Holt, and D. P. Martin, “What do women want to know after childbirth?” Birth, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 27–34, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. P. L. Thornton, E. C. Kieffer, Y. Salabarría-Peña et al., “Weight, diet, and physical activity-related beliefs and practices among pregnant and postpartum latino women: the role of social support,” Maternal and Child Health Journal, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 95–104, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Zhang and D. A. Savitz, “Exercise during pregnancy among US women,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 53–59, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. M. Whitford, B. Alder, and M. Jones, “A cross-sectional study of knowledge and practice of pelvic floor exercises during pregnancy and associated symptoms of stress urinary incontinence in North-East Scotland,” Midwifery, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 204–217, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. N. Ebeigbe and G. O. Igberase, “Antenatal care: a comparison of demographic and obstetric characteristics of early and late attenders in the Niger Delta, Nigeria,” Medical Science Monitor, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 529–532, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. P. Ndidi and I. G. Oseremen, “Reasons given by pregnant women for late initiation of antenatal care in the Niger Delta, Nigeria,” Ghana Medical Journal, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 47–51, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  29. M. A. Okunlola, K. M. Owonikoko, A. O. Fawole, and A. O. Adekunle, “Gestational age at antenatal booking and delivery outcome,” African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 165–169, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. D. A. Adekanle and A. I. Isawumi, “Late antenatal care booking and its predictors among pregnant women in South Western Nigeria,” Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 4–7, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. S. Kiwuwa and P. Mufubenga, “Use of antenatal care, maternity services, intermittent presumptive treatment and insecticide treated bed nets by pregnant women in Luwero district, Uganda,” Malaria Journal, vol. 7, p. 44, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Mrisho, B. Obrist, J. A. Schellenberg et al., “The use of antenatal and postnatal care: perspectives and experiences of women and health care providers in rural southern Tanzania,” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, vol. 9, p. 10, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. “American Pregnancy Association (APA): ‘Top recommended exercises’,” 2008, http://www.americanpregancy.org/.
  34. V. E. Pennick and G. Young, “Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 2, Article ID CD001139, p. 8, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. Symons Downs and H. A. Hausenblas, “Women's exercise beliefs and behaviors during their pregnancy and postpartum,” Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 138–144, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. Artal, L. D. Platt, and M. Sperling, “Exercise in pregnancy. I. Maternal cardiovascular and metabolic responses in normal pregnancy,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 140, no. 2, pp. 123–127, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. C. A. Collings, L. B. Curet, and J. P. Mullin, “Maternal and fetal responses to a maternal aerobic exercise program,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 145, no. 6, pp. 702–707, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. E. A. Lokey, Z. V. Tran, C. L. Wells, B. C. Myers, and A. C. Tran, “Effects of physical exercise on pregnancy outcomes: a meta-analytic review,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1234–1239, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. C. Veille, A. R. Hohimer, K. Burry, and L. Speroff, “The effect of exercise on uterine activity in the last eight weeks of pregnancy,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 151, no. 6, pp. 727–730, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. Cioffi, V. Schmied, H. Dahlen et al., “Physical activity in pregnancy: women's perceptions, practices, and influencing factors,” Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 455–461, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. Abedzadeh, M. Taebi, Z. Sadat, and F. Saberi, “Knowledge and performance of pregnant women referring to Shabihkhani hospital on exercises during pregnancy and postpartum periods,” Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, vol. 8, no. 4, 2011. View at Google Scholar