Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 282817, 8 pages
Research Article

Novel Organically Modified Core-Shell Clay for Epoxy Composites—“SOBM Filler 1

1Department of Polymer & Textile Engineering, Federal University of Technology, PMB 1526, Owerri, Imo, Nigeria
2AppliedSignals International Research Group, Opposite Catholic Bishop’s House, Maria Mater Ecclesia Cathedral, Nnarambia-Ahiara, Ahiazu-Mbaise, P.O. Box 326, Owerri, Imo, Nigeria

Received 29 June 2014; Revised 12 August 2014; Accepted 12 August 2014; Published 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Tomasz Czujko

Copyright © 2014 Nnamdi Chibuike Iheaturu and Innocent Chimezie Madufor. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Preparation of a novel organically modified clay from spent oil base drilling mud (SOBM) that could serve as core-shell clay filler for polymers is herein reported. Due to the hydrophilic nature of clay, its compatibility with polymer matrix was made possible through modification of the surface of the core clay sample with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (3-APTES) compound prior to its use. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy was used to characterize clay surface modification. Electron dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDX) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to expose filler chemical composition and morphology, while electrophoresis measurement was used to examine level of filler dispersion. Results show an agglomerated core clay powder after high temperature treatment, while EDX analysis shows that the organically modified clay is composed of chemical inhomogeneities, wherein elemental compositions in weight percent vary from one point to the other in a probe of two points. Micrographs of the 3-APTES coupled SOBM core-shell clay filler clearly show cloudy appearance, while FT-IR indicates 25% and 5% increases in fundamental vibrations band at 1014 cm−1 and 1435 cm−1, respectively. Furthermore, 3-APTES coupled core-shell clay was used to prepare epoxy composites and tested for mechanical properties.