Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 282817, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/282817
Research Article

Novel Organically Modified Core-Shell Clay for Epoxy Composites—“SOBM Filler 1

1Department of Polymer & Textile Engineering, Federal University of Technology, PMB 1526, Owerri, Imo, Nigeria
2AppliedSignals International Research Group, Opposite Catholic Bishop’s House, Maria Mater Ecclesia Cathedral, Nnarambia-Ahiara, Ahiazu-Mbaise, P.O. Box 326, Owerri, Imo, Nigeria

Received 29 June 2014; Revised 12 August 2014; Accepted 12 August 2014; Published 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Tomasz Czujko

Copyright © 2014 Nnamdi Chibuike Iheaturu and Innocent Chimezie Madufor. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Bergaya and G. Lagaly, “General introduction: clays, clay minerals, and clay science,” in Handbook of Clay Science, F. Annabi-Bergaya, B. K. G. Theng, and G. Lagaly, Eds., Developments in Clay Science, pp. 1–18, Elsevier, 2nd edition, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  2. E. G. Akpokodje, “Preliminary studies on the geotechnical characteristics of the Niger delta subsoils,” Engineering Geology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 247–259, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Pavlidou and C. D. Papaspyrides, “A review on polymer—layered silicate nanocomposites,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 1119–1198, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y.-F. Yang, G.-S. Gai, Z.-F. Cai, and Q.-R. Chen, “Surface modification of purified fly ash and application in polymer,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 133, no. 1–3, pp. 276–282, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. M. Shanmugharaj and S. H. Ryu, “Study on the effect of aminosilane functionalized nanoclay on the curing kinetics of epoxy nanocomposites,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 546, pp. 16–23, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. B. de Paiva, A. R. Morales, and F. R. Valenzuela Díaz, “Organoclays: properties, preparation and applications,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 42, no. 1-2, pp. 8–24, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. L. Witucki, “Silane primer: chemistry and applications of alkoxy silanes,” Journal of Coatings Technology, vol. 65, no. 822, pp. 57–60, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. I. Xidas and K. S. Triantafyllidis, “Effect of the type of alkylammonium ion clay modifier on the structure and thermal/mechanical properties of glassy and rubbery epoxy-clay nanocomposites,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 404–417, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Le Pluart, J. Duchet, and H. Sautereau, “Epoxy/montmorillonite nanocomposites: influence of organophilic treatment on reactivity, morphology and fracture properties,” Polymer, vol. 46, no. 26, pp. 12267–12278, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. F. Jarek, D. M. Reis, R. S. Mauler, R. V. Barbosa, and J. R. Kloss, “Characterization of natural and modified clays to the development of polymeric nanocomposites,” Macromolecular Symposia, vol. 299-300, no. 1, pp. 124–131, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. K. Sharma, S. Das, and A. Maitra, “Surface modified ormosil nanoparticles,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 277, no. 2, pp. 342–346, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. K. Tonle, E. Ngameni, D. Njopwouo, C. Carteret, and A. Walcarius, “Functionalization of natural smectite-type clays by grafting with organosilanes: physico-chemical characterization and application to mercury(II) uptake,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 5, no. 21, pp. 4951–4961, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Y. Choi, S. H. Lee, and S. H. Ryu, “Effect of silane functionalization of montmorillonite on epoxy/montmorillonite nanocomposite,” Polymer Bulletin, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 47–55, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K.-B. Yoon, H.-D. Sung, Y.-Y. Hwang, S. Kyun Noh, and D.-H. Lee, “Modification of montmorillonite with oligomeric amine derivatives for polymer nanocomposite preparation,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 38, no. 1-2, pp. 1–8, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S.-J. Park, B.-J. Kim, D.-I. Seo, K.-Y. Rhee, and Y.-Y. Lyu, “Effects of a silane treatment on the mechanical interfacial properties of montmorillonite/epoxy nanocomposites,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 526, no. 1-2, pp. 74–78, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S.-R. Ha, K.-Y. Rhee, H.-C. Kim, J.-T. Kim, and S.-J. Park, “Study on fracture behavior of surface treated montmorillonite/epoxy nanocomposites,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 4210–4213, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. Kickelbick, “Concepts for the incorporation of inorganic building blocks into organic polymers on a nanoscale,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 83–114, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Holzinger and G. Kickelbick, “Preparation of amorphous metal-oxide-core polymer-shell nanoparticles via a microemulsion-based sol−gel approach,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 15, no. 26, pp. 4944–4948, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Dash, S. Mishra, S. Patel, and B. K. Mishra, “Organically modified silica: synthesis and applications due to its surface interaction with organic molecules,” Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 140, no. 2, pp. 77–94, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. A. Patel, R. S. Somani, H. C. Bajaj, and R. V. Jasra, “Nanoclays for polymer nanocomposites, paints, inks, greases and cosmetics formulations, drug delivery vehicle and waste water treatment,” Bulletin of Materials Science, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 133–145, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. A. Patel, R. S. Somani, H. C. Bajaj, and R. V. Jasra, “Synthesis and characterization of organic bentonite using Gujarat and Rajasthan clays,” Current Science, vol. 92, no. 7, pp. 3–8, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  22. W. R. Caseri, “Nanocomposites of polymers and inorganic particles: preparation, structure and properties,” Materials Science and Technology, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 807–817, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Marini, B. Pourabbas, F. Pilati, and P. Fabbri, “Functionally modified core-shell silica nanoparticles by one-pot synthesis,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 317, no. 1–3, pp. 473–481, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. B. A. Rozenberg and R. Tenne, “Polymer-assisted fabrication of nanoparticles and nanocomposites,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 40–112, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. E. Enyiegbulam, C. S. Nwobodo, and N. C. Iheaturu, “Physiochemical properties of calcined Spent Oil Base Drilling Mud (SOBM) plastic filler,” AppliedSignals Reports, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 1–10, 2011. View at Google Scholar