International Scholarly Research Notices / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Knowledge and Perception of Stroke: A Population-Based Survey in Uganda

Table 2

Stroke risk factors identified by participants (multiple responses).

Total 1616Urban Rural Difference between regions ( )
Number (%)Number (%)Number (%) value

Do you know any stroke risk factors?
 No1180 (73.0)836 (72.0)344 (75.6)
 Yes436 (27.0)325 (28.0)111 (24.4)0.143

If yes436 (27.0)
 Old age55 (12.6)20 (6.2)35 (31.5)<0.001
 Diabetes65 (14.9)44 (13.5)21 (18.9)0.169
 Heart disease18 (4.1)14 (4.3)4 (3.6)0.748
 Obesity24 (5.5)19 (5.9)5 (4.5)0.593
 Stress224 (51.4)173 (53.2)51 (46.0)0.185
 Poor hygiene3 (0.7)2 (0.6)1 (0.9)1.000
 Cancer5 (1.2)4 (1.2)1 (0.9)1.000
 Bad diet129 (29.6)101 (31.0)28 (25.2)0.244
 Hypertension244 (56.0)207 (63.7)37 (33.3)<0.001
 Cigarette smoking3 (0.7)2 (0.6)1 (0.9)1.000
 Alcohol15 (3.4)11 (3.4)4 (3.6)1.000
 High cholesterol53 (12.2)48 (14.8)5 (4.5)0.004
 Genetics (hereditary)3 (0.7)2 (0.6)1 (0.9)1.000
 Lack of exercise112 (25.7)89 (27.4)23 (20.7)0.165
 Headache or migraine2 (0.5)1 (0.3)1 (0.9)0.445
 Tremors6 (1.4)6 (1.9)0 (0.0)0.149
 Demons4 (0.9)3 (0.9)1 (0.9)0.983
 Witchcraft4 (0.9)2 (0.6)2 (1.8)0.258
 God’s will26 (6.0)14 (4.3)12 (10.8)0.013
 Angry ancestral spirits4 (0.9)4 (1.2)0 (0.0)0.240

The risk factors required a yes/no response.