Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 318569, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/318569
Research Article

Correlates and Predictors of Increasing Waist Circumference in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study

1Department of Human Biology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
2Department of Allied Health Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana

Received 28 April 2014; Revised 18 June 2014; Accepted 26 June 2014; Published 15 September 2014

Academic Editor: José María Huerta

Copyright © 2014 Victor Mogre et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) has become a disease of public health concern worldwide. Obesity and elevated blood pressure have been shown to be comorbidities of type 2 DM. In this cross-sectional study in Tamale, Ghana, we determined the prevalence of abdominal obesity among type 2 DM patients. Furthermore, we examined the demographic, clinical, and anthropometric predictors of increasing waist circumference in this population. Three hundred type 2 DM patients attending the outpatient diabetes clinic of the Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana, were recruited for the study. Waist circumference (WC) and hip circumferences were measured appropriately. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) were taken from the personal health record files of patients. Demographic data were obtained. Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression models were employed to identify predictors of increasing WC. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 77.0% and was significantly higher in women than in men. A positive correlation was observed between waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and WC (, ), female gender (, ), and age (, ). A high prevalence of abdominal obesity was observed. Predictors of increasing WC were gender, age, FPG, and WHR.