Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 348529, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/348529
Research Article

Microplate Agglutination Test for Canine Brucellosis Using Recombinant Antigen-Coated Beads

1The United Graduate School of Veterinary Science, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi 753-8515, Japan
2Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi 753-8515, Japan
3Institute of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Republic of Korea
4Merial Japan Limited, 3-20-2 Nishi Shinjuku, Shinjuku, Tokyo 163-1488, Japan
5Laboratory of Small Animal Internal Medicine, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan

Received 30 May 2014; Revised 4 August 2014; Accepted 14 August 2014; Published 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Konrad Trülzsch

Copyright © 2014 Yussaira Castillo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Brucella canis, a facultative intracellular pathogen, is the causative agent of canine brucellosis. The diagnosis of canine brucellosis is based on bacteriological examination and serological methods, including agglutination and gel diffusion tests. In this study, four recombinant antigens, heat shock protein 60, rhizopine-binding protein, Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase, and hypothetical protein (Ag 4), were constructed. These antigens were coated on latex beads and their usefulness in the serological diagnosis of canine brucellosis was examined. All recombinant antigens showed specific reaction with sera from B. canis-infected dogs in Western blotting. In a microplate agglutination test, mixing sera from B. canis-infected dogs, but not sera from B. canis-free dogs, with single or multiple antigens-coated latex beads produced clear agglutination. Moreover, the antigen-coated latex beads did not show nonspecific agglutination in hemolyzed serum samples. A survey of canine serum samples conducted by the microplate agglutination test using single antigen-coated latex beads showed that this method would be useful in the serological diagnosis of canine brucellosis. Further investigations using more serum samples are required to confirm the usefulness of our method.