Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 359316, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/359316
Review Article

Bacteria in Nanoparticle Synthesis: Current Status and Future Prospects

Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 81744-176, Iran

Received 26 March 2014; Revised 9 July 2014; Accepted 4 August 2014; Published 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Matthias Labrenz

Copyright © 2014 Siavash Iravani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Microbial metal reduction can be a strategy for remediation of metal contaminations and wastes. Bacteria are capable of mobilization and immobilization of metals and in some cases, the bacteria which can reduce metal ions show the ability to precipitate metals at nanometer scale. Biosynthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) using bacteria has emerged as rapidly developing research area in green nanotechnology across the globe with various biological entities being employed in synthesis of NPs constantly forming an impute alternative for conventional chemical and physical methods. Optimization of the processes can result in synthesis of NPs with desired morphologies and controlled sizes, fast and clean. The aim of this review is, therefore, to make a reflection on the current state and future prospects and especially the possibilities and limitations of the above mentioned bio-based technique for industries.