Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 381826, 6 pages
Clinical Study

Review of Management and Outcomes in Women with Thrombophilia Risk during Pregnancy at a Single Institution

1Department of Clinical Haematology, Launceston General Hospital, Launceston, TAS 7250, Australia
2Department of Medicine, Launceston General Hospital, Launceston, TAS 7250, Australia
3School of Human Life Sciences, University of Tasmania, Launceston, TAS 7250, Australia
4Menzies Research Institute, Hobart, TAS 7000, Australia
5Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Launceston General Hospital, Launceston, TAS 7250, Australia

Received 10 October 2013; Accepted 26 November 2013; Published 17 February 2014

Academic Editors: M. Kühnert, P. Pacora, and S. Palomba

Copyright © 2014 Alhossain A. Khalafallah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolic disease (VTE). We retrospectively studied 38 Caucasian pregnant women with thrombophilia risk and compared their obstetric outcomes with a matched cohort without known thrombophilia risk during the period between January 2007 and December 2010. There were (2) cases with factor V Leiden, (6) prothrombin gene mutation, (1) antithrombin III deficiency, (2) protein C deficiency, (3) protein S deficiency, (10) MTHFR mutation, (7) anti-cardiolipin antibodies, and (1) lupus anticoagulant. Patients without thrombophilia who presented with recurrent unprovoked VTE were considered as high risk (6 cases). Most patients received anticoagulation (34/38) with aspirin only (6), enoxaparin (27), and warfarin (1). Twenty-six out of thirty-eight pregnant women (68.4%) with an increased risk of thrombophilia experienced one or more obstetric complications defined as hypertension, preeclampsia, placenta abruptio, VTE, and oligohydramnios, compared with 15 out of 40 (37.5%) pregnant women in the control group (OR 3.6; 95% CI 1.42, 9.21, ). The incidence of obstetric complications was significantly higher in the thrombophilia group compared to the controls. However, these complications were the lowest among patients who received full-dose anticoagulation. Our study suggests that strict application of anticoagulation therapy for thrombophilia of pregnancy is associated with an improved pregnancy outcome. The study was registered in the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry under ACTRN12612001094864.