Table of Contents
ISRN Allergy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 502052, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/502052
Research Article

Prevalence of Allergies among University Students: A Study from Ajman, United Arab Emirates

1Department of Pharmacology, Gulf Medical University, Ajman 4184, UAE
2College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman 4184, UAE
3Statistical Support Facility, CABRI, Gulf Medical University, Ajman 4184, UAE

Received 11 November 2013; Accepted 2 January 2014; Published 19 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. Burastero and G. Riccioni

Copyright © 2014 Lisha Jenny John et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. Urbanization and globalization in the Middle East have resulted in drastic environmental changes and increased allergens present in the environment. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of allergies among undergraduate students from a university. Material and Methods. This cross-sectional survey was carried out among undergraduate students of a University at Ajman, UAE. A self-administered questionnaire was used as research instrument for data collection. The demographic data and the allergy characteristics were collected and analyzed using SPSS version 19. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Results. A total of 255 students (33.3% males; 66.7% females) were included. Commonest allergies among the students were allergic conjunctivitis (104 (40.8%)), allergic dermatitis (89 (34.9%)), and eczema (38 (14.9%)). Family history of allergies was strongly associated with occurrence of allergic conjunctivitis and allergic dermatitis. In about 58 (22%) of the students, dust was the most common triggering factor for allergies. Allergies associated with pollen, food, and drugs were less frequent. The distribution of allergies based on gender revealed female preponderance in all types of allergies. Students with allergies reported interference with their daily activities, and academic, social, and extracurricular activities. Conclusions. Allergic conjunctivitis and allergic dermatitis were the frequent allergies reported. Adequate preventive strategies can crumb the prevalence of allergies.