Table of Contents
ISRN Rehabilitation
Volume 2014, Article ID 508414, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/508414
Research Article

Spine Curve Measures Taken in Individuals with Osteoporosis and Osteopenia Using the IONmed Mobile Phone Application Are Highly Consistent with Digital Inclinometer Measures

1School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, IAHS 403, 1400 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 1C7
2United Osteoporosis Centres, 2350 Limestone Parkway, N.E., Gainesville, GA 30501, USA

Received 30 October 2013; Accepted 8 December 2013; Published 17 April 2014

Academic Editors: Y.-W. Hsieh, C.-L. Kao, and A. Ozcan Edeer

Copyright © 2014 Norma J. MacIntyre et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Kobayashi, Y. Atsuta, T. Matsuno, and N. Takeda, “A longitudinal study of congruent sagittal spinal alignment in an adult cohort,” Spine, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 671–676, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. M. Briggs, J. H. Van Dieën, T. V. Wrigley et al., “Thoracic kyphosis affects spinal loads and trunk muscle force,” Physical Therapy, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 595–607, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Roux, J. Fechtenbaum, S. Kolta, R. Said-Nahal, K. Briot, and C.-L. Benhamou, “Prospective assessment of thoracic kyphosis in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 362–368, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. G. Bruno, D. E. Anderson, J. D'Agostino, and M. L. Bouxsein, “The effect of thoracic kyphosis and sagittal plane alignment on vertebral compressive loading,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 27, pp. 2144–2151, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  5. N. J. MacIntyre, A. L. Lorbergs, and J. D. Adachi, “Inclinometer-based measures of standing posture in older adults with low bone mass are reliable and associated with self-reported, but not performance-based, physical function,” Osteoporosis International, vol. 25, pp. 721–728, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Sinaki, E. Itoi, J. W. Rogers, E. J. Bergstralh, and H. W. Wahner, “Correlation of back extensor strength with thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis in estrogen-deficient women,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 370–374, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. B. Katzman, D. E. Sellmeyer, A. L. Stewart, L. Wanek, and K. A. Hamel, “Changes in flexed posture, musculoskeletal impairments, and physical performance after group exercise in community-dwelling older women,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 192–199, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Sinaki, E. Itoi, H. W. Wahner et al., “Stronger back muscles reduce the incidence of vertebral fractures: a prospective 10 year follow-up of postmenopausal women,” Bone, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 836–841, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. J. MacIntyre, L. Bennett, A. M. Bonnyman, and P. W. Stratford, “Optimizing reliability of digital inclinometer and flexicurve ruler measures of spine curvatures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis of the spine: an illustration of the use of generalizability theory,” ISRN Rheumatology, vol. 2011, Article ID 571698, 8 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. P. E. Shrout and J. L. Fleiss, “Intraclass correlations: uses in assessing rater reliability,” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 420–428, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. W. Stratford, “Getting more from the literature: estimating the standard error of measurement for reliability studies,” Physiotherapy Canada, vol. 56, pp. 27–30, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  12. J. M. Bland and D. G. Altman, “Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement,” The Lancet, vol. 1, no. 8476, pp. 307–310, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. J. Fon, M. J. Pitt, and A. C. Thies Jr., “Thoracic kyphosis: range in normal subjects,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 134, no. 5, pp. 979–983, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. L. Schneider, D. G. Von Mühlen, E. Barrett-Connor, and D. J. Sartoris, “Kyphosis does not equal vertebral fractures: the rancho bernardo study,” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 747–752, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. A. Greendale, N. S. Nili, M.-H. Huang, L. Seeger, and A. S. Karlamangla, “The reliability and validity of three non-radiological measures of thoracic kyphosis and their relations to the standing radiological Cobb angle,” Osteoporosis International, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1897–1905, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Itoi and M. Sinaki, “Effect of back-strengthening exercise on posture in healthy women 49 to 65 years of age,” Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 1054–1059, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. Cook, “The relationship between posture and balance disturbances in women with osteoporosis,” Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, vol. 20, no. 3-4, pp. 37–49, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Suri, D. K. Kiely, S. G. Leveille, W. R. Frontera, and J. F. Bean, “Increased trunk extension endurance is associated with meaningful improvement in balance among older adults with mobility problems,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 92, no. 7, pp. 1038–1043, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Pfeifer, L. Kohlwey, B. Begerow, and H. W. Minne, “Effects of two newly developed spinal orthoses on trunk muscle strength, posture, and quality-of-life in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis: a randomized trial,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 805–815, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. M. Greig, K. L. Bennell, A. M. Briggs, and P. W. Hodges, “Postural taping decreases thoracic kyphosis but does not influence trunk muscle electromyographic activity or balance in women with osteoporosis,” Manual Therapy, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 249–257, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. J. Bonner Jr., M. Sinaki, M. Grabois et al., “Health professional's guide to rehabilitation of the patient with osteoporosis,” Osteoporosis International, vol. 14, supplement 2, pp. S1–S22, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. M. Giangregorio, N. J. MacIntyre, L. Thabane, C. J. Skidmore, and A. Papaioannou, “Exercise for improving outcomes after osteoporotic vertebral fracture,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 7, Article ID CD008618, 2012. View at Google Scholar