Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 510793, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/510793
Research Article

The Effect of Interventional Program on Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy and Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Pregnant Women in Ahvaz, Iran

1Midwifery Department, Reproductive Health Promotion Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz 6135715794, Iran
2Community Nutrition, Midwifery Department, Reproductive Health Promotion Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz 6135715794, Iran
3Midwifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 5157943598, Iran

Received 20 April 2014; Revised 3 June 2014; Accepted 10 June 2014; Published 19 August 2014

Academic Editor: Li-Yin Chien

Copyright © 2014 Somayeh Ansari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. This study aimed to determine the effect of educational program on Breastfeeding self-efficacy and duration of exclusive breastfeeding in pregnant women in Ahvaz, Iran. Methods. This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 120 nulliparous pregnant women who tended to breastfeed. The primary self-efficacy scores of samples were measured using Faux and Dennis breastfeeding self-efficacy questionnaire. Women were randomly recruited into two intervention and control groups. Educational program (two training sessions, each lasted two hours) with two days interval was performed for intervention group. One month after delivery, self-efficacy scores were determined. Six months after child birth, duration of exclusive breastfeeding was assessed. Data were analyzed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings. The breastfeeding self-efficacy in the intervention group increased significantly compared to the control group one month after delivery (123.6 versus 101.7, ). The duration of exclusive breastfeeding was significantly higher in the intervention group (5.03 mo versus 2.7 mo, ). Also, there was a significant relationship between breastfeeding self-efficacy and duration of exclusive breastfeeding (). Conclusion. The educational program could increase the self-efficacy and exclusive breastfeeding duration of mothers. These results can draw the attention of authorities to the importance of educational programs for mothers regarding the exclusive breastfeeding.