Table of Contents
ISRN Metallurgy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 525706, 6 pages
Research Article

Influence of the Slag Density on the Splashing Process in a Steelmaking Converter

1Departamento de Materiales, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Azcapotzalco, Avenida San Pablo 180, Colonia Reynosa-Tamaulipas, 02200 Mexico, DF, Mexico
2Centro de Investigacion e Innovacion Tecnologica-IPN, Cerrada Cecati S/N, Colonia Santa Catarina, 02250 Mexico, DF, Mexico

Received 24 October 2013; Accepted 3 January 2014; Published 13 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. Eckert and T. Yue

Copyright © 2014 Miguel A. Barron et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The way in which slag density influences the slag splashing phenomenon in an oxygen steelmaking converter is numerically analyzed in this work. Several values of the density of the slag are considered, and their effect on the global mass balance and slag average volume fraction on the sidewalls of the converter is studied using isothermal, two-dimensional transient computational fluid dynamics simulations. Diameter of the slag drops is determined from the slag density and the impact velocity of the nitrogen jet. Besides, the effect of the nitrogen jet Mach number on the slag splashing is simulated and discussed. A qualitative comparison between the computer simulations and results from the literature is made.