Table of Contents
ISRN Preventive Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 608927, 4 pages
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Hand Hygiene among Medical and Nursing Students at a Tertiary Health Care Centre in Raichur, India

1Navodaya Medical College, Raichur, Karnataka 584103, India
2Department of Community Medicine, Navodaya Medical College, Raichur, Karnataka 584103, India
3Department of Microbiology, Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Science and Research Center, Tiruvalla, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Received 9 October 2013; Accepted 30 December 2013; Published 6 February 2014

Academic Editors: Z. Fatmi, P. Parneix, A. Trajman, and V. Usonis

Copyright © 2014 Sreejith Sasidharan Nair et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Hand hygiene is recognized as the leading measure to prevent cross-transmission of microorganisms. Regarding hospital acquired infections, the compliance of nurses with hand washing guidelines seems to be vital in preventing the disease transmission among patients. There is a paucity of studies exploring this subject in Asia. Especially medical and nursing student’s knowledge of standard hand hygiene precautions is rarely compared. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 98 medical and 46 nursing students in a tertiary medical college in India. Knowledge was assessed using WHO hand hygiene questionnaire. Attitude and practices were evaluated by using another self-structured questionnaire. test was used to compare the percentage of correct responses between medical and nursing students. A value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results. Only 9% of participants (13 out of 144) had good knowledge regarding hand hygiene. Nursing students knowledge ( ) , attitude ( ), and practices ( ) were significantly better than medical students.