Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 614287, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/614287
Research Article

Immunological Testing Reveals Exposure to Malaria in the Hypoendemic Region of Iran

1The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2Cellabs Pty Ltd, Unit 7, No. 27 Dale Street, Brookvale, NSW 2100, Australia
3Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (NRITLD), Tehran, Iran

Received 24 April 2014; Revised 2 July 2014; Accepted 7 July 2014; Published 9 October 2014

Academic Editor: Paulo A. Nogueira

Copyright © 2014 Narges Obeidi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. I. Hay, C. A. Guerra, A. J. Tatem, A. M. Noor, and R. W. Snow, “The global distribution and population at risk of malaria: past, present, and future,” The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 327–336, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Ministry of Health and Medical Education Disease Management Centre Reports 2003 and AMRO/WHO 2004 Current Malaria Situation in I.R.Iran, 2004, http://www.emro.who.int/entity/malaria control and elimination/Malaria-Iran.
  3. Eliminating malaria in Iran, January 2013, http://www.ir.undp.org/content/iran/en/home.html.
  4. G. H. Edrissian, “Malaria in Iran: past and present situation,” Iranian Journal of Parasitology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Zakeri, A. A. Mehrizi, S. Mamaghani, S. Noorizadeh, G. Snounou, and N. D. Djadid, “Population structure analysis of Plasmodium vivax in areas of Iran with different malaria endemicity,” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 394–400, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Voller, “The immunodiagnosis of malaria,” in Malaria Principles and Practice of Malariology, W. H. Wernsdorfer and S. I. McGregor, Eds., vol. 1, pp. 814–825, Churchill Livingstone, London, UK, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  7. World health Organization, Basic Laboratory Methods in Medical Parasitology Geneva, World health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1991.
  8. K. Chotivanich, K. Silamut, and N. P. J. Day, “Laboratory diagnosis of malaria infection—a short review of methods,” New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 4–7, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. C. She, M. L. Rawlins, R. Mohl, S. L. Perkins, H. R. Hill, and C. M. Litwin, “Comparison of immunofluorescence antibody testing and two enzyme immunoassays in the serologic diagnosis of malaria,” Journal of Travel Medicine, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 105–111, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Noedl, K. Yingyuen, A. Laoboonchai, M. Fukuda, J. Sirichaisinthop, and R. S. Miller, “Sensitivity and specificity of an antigen detection ELISA for malaria diagnosis,” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 1205–1208, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. K. Martin, G.-R. Rajasekariah, G. Awinda, J. Waitumbi, and C. Kifude, “Unified parasite lactate dehydrogenase and histidine-rich protein ELISA for quantification of Plasmodium falciparum,” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 516–522, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Piper, J. LeBras, L. Wentworth et al., “Immunocapture diagnostic assays for malaria using Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH),” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 109–118, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. Hassan, R. Arash, J. Mehdi et al., “Demonstration of malaria situation analysis, stratification and planning in Minab District, southern Iran,” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 67–71, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. R. Wallace, B. R. Hale, G. C. Utz et al., “Endemic infectious diseases of Afghanistan,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. S171–S207, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. H. R. Rajasekariah, G. E. Kay, N. V. Russell, and A. M. Smithyman, “Assessment of assay sensitivity and precision in a malaria antibody ELISA,” Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 89–112, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J.-W. Park, “Changing transmission pattern of Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea: relationship witth climate change,” Environmental Health and Toxicology, vol. 26, Article ID e2011001, 6 pages, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  17. M. D. Moemenbellah-Fard, V. Saleh, O. Banafshi et al., “Malaria elimination trend from a hypo-endemic unstable active focus in southern Iran: predisposing climatic factors,” Pathogens and Global Health, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 358–365, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. Farzinnia, A. Saghafipour, and M. R. Abai, “Malaria situation and anopheline mosquitoes in Qom province, central Iran,” Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 61–67, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. B. M. Sadrizadeh, “Malaria in the world, in the eastern Mediterranean region and in Iran,” 2011, http://www.ams.ac.ir/AIM/9924/sadrizadeh9924.html.
  20. D. D. Laishram, P. L. Sutton, N. Nanda et al., “The complexities of malaria disease manifestations with a focus on asymptomatic malaria,” Malaria Journal, vol. 11, article 29, pp. 1–23, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. E. Schachterle, G. Mtove, J. P. Levens et al., “Prevalence and Density-related concordance of three diagnostic tests for malaria in a region of Tanzania with hypoendemic malaria,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 3885–3891, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus