Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 689826, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/689826
Research Article

Culture, Caregiving, and Health: Exploring the Influence of Culture on Family Caregiver Experiences

1University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA
2Nevada Senior Services, Las Vegas, NV, USA

Received 13 January 2014; Accepted 17 February 2014; Published 26 March 2014

Academic Editors: W. B. Hansen and K. M. Rospenda

Copyright © 2014 Jennifer R. Pharr et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Ethnic minorities are expected to experience a greater demand for family caregiving than non-Latino Whites due to their projected population growth. Although the consensus of researchers on caregiving and culture finds that the caregiving experience differs significantly among cultural/ethnic groups, the question remains as to how cultural values and norms influence the caregiver experiences. We conducted an interpretative, phenomenological qualitative analysis of focus group transcripts from four groups (African American, Asian American, Hispanic American, and European American) for cultural influences on caregiving. Data were collected in Nevada between December 7, 2009, and August 20, 2010. Thirty-five caregivers participated in this study. We found commonalities among all of the cultural/ethnic groups in their experiences of the difficulties of caregiving. However, there were some significant differences in the cultural values and norms that shaped the caregiving experience. We categorized these differences as: (a) cultural embeddedness of caregiving, (b) cultural determinants of caregiving responsibilities or taxonomy of caregiving, and (c) cultural values and norms underlying the decision to provide care. The significance of this study is that it highlights the culturally perceived mandate to provide care in the African, Asian, and Hispanic American cultures.