Table of Contents
ISRN Addiction
Volume 2014, Article ID 719681, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/719681
Research Article

Adolescents Smoking in the Crosslight of Other Substance Use and Parental and Peers’ Smoking Behaviors

Addiction Switzerland, P.O. Box 870, 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland

Received 11 December 2013; Accepted 8 January 2014; Published 18 February 2014

Academic Editors: M. W. Vander Weg and T. Winhusen

Copyright © 2014 Hervé Kuendig and Marina Delgrande Jordan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study investigates the connectedness of adolescents’ smoking status, history of alcohol and cannabis use, and parental and peers’ smoking, dimensions only rarely explored concurrently. Multinomial regression models that compared the smoking status of adolescents were estimated based on a representative sample of 3,560 adolescents aged 14–15 from Switzerland. While 49.0% of respondents had never smoked, 9.0% smoked on a daily basis and 12.0% occasionally; 32.6% had never drank alcohol and 74.7% had never used cannabis. Overall, parental and peers’ smoking and other substance use factors are significantly associated with smoking status. Yet, history of substance use revealed less consistent associations with smoking status among current smokers (daily versus occasional smoking). The findings highlight the connectedness of adolescents’ and other substance use behaviors and support the relevance of concurrent prevention initiatives targeting adolescents with specific substance use profiles and/or growing up in prosmoking social milieus.