International Scholarly Research Notices / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Brachial Plexus Injuries in Adults: Evaluation and Diagnostic Approach

Table 2

Factors that affect the prognosis of a peripheral nerve injury.

FactorResult

Mechanism of injuryHigh energy injuries have worse prognosis
Avulsion injuries have worse prognosis than acute ruptures
Worse prognosis with concomitant vascular injury

AgeBetter prognosis in young patients

Type of nerveExclusively sensory or motor nerves have better functional recovery than mixed nerves

Level of injurySupraclavicular lesions have worse prognosis than infraclavicular
Upper trunk lesions have the best prognosis

PainPatients with persistent pain for more than 6 months after traumatic BPI have less possibilities for recovery

Time of surgical interventionFibrosis and degeneration of target organs at the time of surgical intervention are related to poor prognosis

Other factorsConcomitant diseases (infections, etc.) are related to worse prognosis

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