Table of Contents
ISRN Agronomy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 727123, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/727123
Research Article

Characterization of the Wine Grape Thermohydrological Conditions in the Tropical Brazilian Growing Region: Long-Term and Future Assessments

1Embrapa, 13070-115 Campinas, SP, Brazil
2Embrapa, 95700-000 Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brazil
3São Paulo State University, 15385-000 Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil

Received 12 November 2013; Accepted 22 December 2013; Published 10 February 2014

Academic Editors: J. Hatfield, N. Hulugalle, and L. Mateos

Copyright © 2014 Antônio Heriberto de Castro Teixeira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Over the last years, Brazil has appeared among the new tropical wine producing countries. The joined effect of rising air temperature and decreasing precipitation makes it important to quantify the trend of the thermohydrological conditions of the commercial vineyards. The aims of the current research were to classify and delimit these conditions for the winemaking processes under different time scenarios in the Brazilian Northeastern region. Bioclimatic indicators were used together with long-term weather data and projections of the IPCC emission scenarios under simulated pruning dates. The results showed that decreasing of precipitation should be good for wine production when irrigation water is available, but rising air temperature will affect the wine quality and stability mainly for pruning done from November to March. The best pruning periods are around May for any time scenario considered. In general, more care should be taken for pruning happening in other periods of the year, regarding the effect of increasing thermal conditions on wine quality. The classification and delimitation done, joined with other ecological characteristics, are important for a rational planning of the commercial wine production expansion, mainly in situations of climate and land use changes together with rising water competition.