Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 756516, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/756516
Research Article

A Study of Transmigrated Canine in an Indian Population

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Science and Research, Faridabad, Haryana 121002, India
2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, PDM Dental College & Research Institute, Bahadurgarh, Haryana 124507, India

Received 28 August 2014; Accepted 10 October 2014; Published 11 November 2014

Academic Editor: Paul C. Dechow

Copyright © 2014 Gaurav Sharma and Archna Nagpal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of transmigrated canines in a north Indian population and association with gender, side, associated pathologies, and dental anomalies. Subjects and methods. The prospective study consisted of panoramic radiographs of 3000 patients from two dental colleges in north India. The panoramic radiographs were screened for radiographically identified position of the transmigrated tooth, retained canine, and other coexisting dental anomalies. Results. The overall prevalence of transmigrated canines (15 mandibular and 5 maxillary) was 0.66%. The prevalence of mandibular transmigrated canine was 0.5% and maxillary transmigrated canine was 0.16%. All the transmigrated canines were unilateral. The age range was 15–53 years (average age 24.1 years) and there were 12 males (60%) and 8 females (40%). Type 1 mandibular canine transmigration was the commonest type found in our study (10 cases), followed by types 2 and 4 (2 cases each) and 1 case of type 5 transmigration. Conclusion. The prevalence of transmigrated canines in the north Indian population was 0.66% and no gender predilection was evident. The transmigrated canines have a low complication rate (10.0%) and no correlation with other dental anomalies was found. Type 3 canine is the rarest form of mandibular canine transmigration.