International Scholarly Research Notices / 2014 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Preventive Effects of a Kampo Medicine, Kakkonto, on Inflammatory Responses via the Suppression of Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Phosphorylation in Lipopolysaccharide-Treated Human Gingival Fibroblasts

Figure 3

Effects of kakkonto on COX activities. COX activities were evaluated by measurement of prostaglandin produced from arachidonic acid by COX-1 or COX-2. These values were normalized to a relative value of 100% for cells without LPS or kakkonto treatments and are represented as means ± SD ( ). (Dunnett’s test).

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