Table of Contents
ISRN Otolaryngology
Volume 2014, Article ID 817123, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/817123
Research Article

Hypersensitivity of Vestibular System to Sound and Pseudoconductive Hearing Loss in Deaf Patients

Department of Audiology, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Hamadan 16657-696, Iran

Received 23 December 2013; Accepted 22 January 2014; Published 3 March 2014

Academic Editors: Z. Ahmed, A. Horii, and M. Sone

Copyright © 2014 Seyede Faranak Emami. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. A. Eatock and A. Lysakowski, “Mammalian vestibular hair cells,” in Vertebrate Hair Cells, R. A. Eatock, R. R. Fay, and A. N. Popper, Eds., vol. 27 of Springer Handbook of Auditory Research, pp. 348–442, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. S. F. Emami, A. Pourbakht, A. Daneshi, K. Sheykholeslami, H. Emamjome, and M. Kammali, “Sound sensitivity of the saccule to low frequency in healthy adults,” ISRN Otolaryngology, vol. 2013, Article ID 429680, 6 pages, 2013 (Persian). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. S. F. Emami, “Acoustic sensitivity of the saccule and daf music,” Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. In press (Persian).
  4. S. F. Emami, “Is all human hearing cochlear?” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2013, Article ID 147160, 5 pages, 2013 (Persian). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. S. F. Emami and A. Daneshi, “Vestibular Hearing and neural synchronization,” ISRN Otolaryngology, vol. 2012, Article ID 246065, 5 pages, 2012 (Persian). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. S. F. Emami, A. Pourbakht, K. Sheykholeslami, M. Kammali, F. Behnoud, and A. Daneshi, “Vestibular hearing and speech processing,” ISRN Otolaryngology, vol. 2012, Article ID 850629, 7 pages, 2012 (Persian). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. G. P. Jacobson and D. L. mccaslin, “The vestibular evoked myogenic potential and other sonomotor evoked potentials,” in Auditory Evoked Potentials Basic Principles and Clinical Application, vol. 8, pp. 572–598, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md, USA, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  8. N. P. M. Todd, S. M. Rosengren, and J. G. Colebatch, “Tuning and sensitivity of the human vestibular system to low-frequency vibration,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 444, no. 1, pp. 36–41, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. W. Hall, “Electrically evoked and myogenic responses,” in New Handbook of Auditory Evoked Potentials, pp. 602–613, Walsh & Associates, St. Louis, Mo, USA, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  10. C. G. Fowllff, “Shanks EG tmpanometry,” in Hand Book of Clinical Audiology, J. Katz, Ed., vol. 5, pp. 175–204, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 6th edition, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. W. Harrell, “Puretone evaluation,” in Hand Book of Clinical Audiology, J. Katz, Ed., vol. 5, p. 82, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 6th edition, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  12. M. S. Welgampola, S. M. Rosengren, G. M. Halmagyi, and J. G. Colebatch, “Vestibular activation by bone conducted sound,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol. 74, no. 6, pp. 771–778, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Sheykholeslami, M. H. Kermany, and K. Kaga, “Frequency sensitivity range of the saccule to bone-conducted stimuli measured by vestibular evoked myogenic potentials,” Hearing Research, vol. 160, no. 1-2, pp. 58–62, 2001 (Persian). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. M. Rosengren, M. S. Welgampola, and J. G. Colebatch, “Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials: past, present and future,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 121, no. 5, pp. 636–651, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Stenfelt, “Middle ear ossicles motion at hearing thresholds with air conduction and bone conduction stimulation,” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 119, no. 5, pp. 2848–2858, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. Murofushi and K. Kaga, “Sound sensitivity of the vestibular end-organs and sound evoked vestibulocollic reflexes in mammals,” in Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential, T. Murofushi and K. Kaga, Eds., pp. 20–22, Nikkei Printing Inc, Aichi, Japan; Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar