Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 839635, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/839635
Clinical Study

The Prevalence of Tonsilloliths and Other Soft Tissue Calcifications in Patients Attending Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic of the University of Iowa

1Department of Oral and Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2Department of Oral Pathology, Radiology, and Medicine, College of Dentistry and Dental Clinics, The University of IA, Iowa City, IA, USA
3Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry and Dental Clinics, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA

Received 24 October 2013; Accepted 1 December 2013; Published 22 January 2014

Academic Editors: S.-C. Choi and G. Kulkarni

Copyright © 2014 Babatunde Olamide Bamgbose et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of tonsiliths in patients attending the oral and maxillofacial radiology clinic of The University of Iowa and to determine if there is any correlation between the presence of tonsiliths and the presence of stones in other body tissues, ducts, or organs. Study Design. This was a two-part study. The first part was a prevalence study whereas the second was a matched pair case-control study. The matched pair case-control study commenced after the prevalence study was concluded. No new or unusual radiographs were made in this study. The study only reviewed radiographs that were made for clinical purposes. Results. A total of 1524 pantomographs were reviewed and 124 subjects (53 males and 71 females) aged 9 years and 2 months to 87 years (mean age 52.6 years) were included for data analysis. Thirty-eight subjects had single tonsiliths whereas 86 subjects had multiple tonsiliths. The prevalence of tonsiliths in the study population was 8.14%. A total of 20 subjects were included in the second part of the study, comprising 10 each for matched pair case-control groups. The observations did not indicate any correlation between the presence of tonsiliths and the presence of stones in other body tissues, ducts, or organs. Conclusion. The prevalence of tonsiliths in our study population was 8.14%. The observations in our study do not support any correlations between tonsiliths and calcifications in other body tissues, organs, or ducts.