Table of Contents
ISRN Anatomy
Volume 2014, Article ID 871048, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/871048
Research Article

Variations in the Position and Length of the Vermiform Appendix in a Black Kenyan Population

Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi 00100, Kenya

Received 28 February 2014; Accepted 20 March 2014; Published 30 April 2014

Academic Editors: L.-A. Arráez-Aybar, C. Dall’Aglio, C. Dilullo, P. Hebbard, and B. Mitchell

Copyright © 2014 Philip Mwachaka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Topography of the appendix influences its mobility, degree of mobilization of the cecum, and need for additional muscle splitting during appendectomy. Although appendectomy is a common surgical procedure, there is a paucity of data on its topography in black Africans. Methods. The position and length of the appendix and relation of the appendicular base with spinoumbilical line were determined in 48 cadavers obtained from the Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Results. The commonest appendicular types in males were retrocecal 10 (27%) while in females was subileal 4 (36.4%). The average length of the appendix was 76.5 ± 23.6 mm. The base of the appendix was located along, below, and above the spinoumbilical line in 25 (52.1%), 9 (18.8%), and 14 (29.2%) cases, respectively. Conclusion. The topography of appendix in Kenyans shows variations from other populations. Knowledge of these variations is important during appendicectomy.