Table of Contents
ISRN Family Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 928293, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/928293
Review Article

The Potential Value of Sleep Hygiene for a Healthy Pregnancy: A Brief Review

1Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Healthy Active Living and Obesity (HALO) Research Group, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8L1
2School of Human Kinetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada K7N 6N5
3The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8L6
4Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8L6
5Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8L6

Received 12 September 2013; Accepted 12 November 2013; Published 17 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. Dastgiri and A. Vellinga

Copyright © 2014 Zachary M. Ferraro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The quality of the intrauterine environment influences maternal-fetal health and also offspring predisposition to obesity and cardiometabolic disease later in life. Several determinants, including but not limited to pregravid obesity and excessive gestational weight gain, alter the developmental milieu, fetal growth, and child obesity risk. However, the role of sleep and its relationship to healthy pregnancy is not fully established. Given the host of psychosocial and physiological complications associated with childhood obesity, targeting the gestational period is purported to be an opportune time for preventive intervention. Many longitudinal studies suggest that short sleep duration is a risk factor for the development of impaired glycemia and obesity. However, there is a dearth of information concerning the role of sleep hygiene and its role in a healthy pregnancy. Reports note disrupted and poorer quality of sleep during gestation and highlight an association between reduced sleep and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. Given the lack of well-designed human trials assessing the value of sleep and healthy pregnancy outcomes, this review summarizes current evidence which suggests that incorporating sleep recommendations and utilizing time management strategies that encourage a healthful night ’s sleep may improve the health of the mom and the baby.