Table of Contents
ISRN Civil Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 940923, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/940923
Research Article

Evaluation of Seismic Performance of Buildings Constructed on Hillside Slope of Doronka Village-Egypt

Civil and Architectural Buildings, Faculty of Industrial Education, Sohag University, Sohag 82524, Egypt

Received 30 January 2014; Accepted 4 March 2014; Published 10 April 2014

Academic Editors: E. J. Sapountzakis and I. Smith

Copyright © 2014 Ahmed Abdelraheem Farghaly. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Construction on the hillside slope is more challenging to the structural engineer, especially under seismic load due to the presence of a powerful earthquake in addition to the forces of sliding slope itself. Regarding the population growth and narrowness of available lands, people take hillside slopes to build their houses. One of the main sources of seismic vulnerability in Egypt is represented by the instability of slopes; therefore, this is a subject of great significance, particularly in view of the growing attention that has been recently dedicated to the reduction of seismic hazard. This paper evaluates the seismic performance of Doronka city buildings constructed on rocky hillside slope and its foundations system by studying base shear, acceleration, and displacements. The stability of the slope was first evaluated under seismic loads and then the stability of constructed buildings was checked on the hillside slope. The results of study show that these buildings will collapse if subjected to earthquake even if its peak ground acceleration (PGA) magnitude is less than 0.25 g, but the hillside slope remains stable within a high earthquake magnitude.