Table of Contents
ISRN Chemical Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 967534, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/967534
Research Article

The Application of Response Surface Methodology in the Study of Photodegraded Industrial Dairy Effluents by the Photo-Fenton Process: Optimization and Economic Viability

Department of Chemical Engineering, Engineering School of Lorena, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Estrada Municipal do Campinho, s/n, Bairro do Campinho, 12600-000 Lorena, SP, Brazil

Received 8 October 2013; Accepted 11 November 2013; Published 19 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. Kaneco and I. Poulios

Copyright © 2014 Carla Cristina Almeida Loures et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study presents results from an application of Photo-Fenton process for organic-load reduction in dairy effluents. Process efficiency was evaluated in terms of percentage dissolved organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand, and biochemical oxygen demand (DOC, COD, and BOD, resp.), whose initial values were  mg O2 L−1,  mg O2 L−1, and  mg O2 L−1, respectively. We applied a statistical design represented by Box-Behnken factorial design inclusive of Fenton's reagent, the power of applied radiation (W), and pH factors. The set temperature value was 30°C with a reaction time of 60 min. The maximum efficiency obtained was at , Fenton reagent in the proportion of 35 g H2O2  3.6 g Fe2+, and ultraviolet radiation potency of 28 W. The results obtained for DOC, COD, and BOD were 81%, 90.7%, and 78.8%, respectively. Regarding the cost/benefit evaluation, the variables and their levels should be the following: pH 3.5, 35.0 g H2O2/Fe2+ 3.6 g, and 28 W UV, obtaining a reduction in concentration of 79.5% DOC.