Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 968076, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/968076
Research Article

Epidemiology of Bovine Mastitis in Cows of Dharwad District

P. G. Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka 580003, India

Received 22 April 2014; Revised 30 August 2014; Accepted 15 September 2014; Published 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Adolfo Paz Silva

Copyright © 2014 Mahantesh M. Kurjogi and Basappa B. Kaliwal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Bovine mastitis is very common in cows of both developed and developing countries. The prevalence of clinical and subclinical mastitis (SCM) varies from region to region. Hence, the present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of mastitis using three diagnostic tests by considering different risk factors like age, lactation, breed, season, quarters, and herd. The results showed that surf field mastitis test (SFMT) is the most sensitive test for diagnosis of bovine mastitis, the older age and cows with later part of lactation period were more prone to bovine mastitis, and exotic breeds like Holstein freshen (HF) were more susceptible to bovine mastitis. The highest incidence of mastitis was recorded in monsoon season. The prevalence of subclinical and clinical mastitis was more in single and two quarters, respectively, and the rate of bovine mastitis was more in unorganized herds. The study concluded that SCM is directly associated with age, lactation period, and environmental factors of the cow and clinical mastitis is more associated with breed of the cow and environmental conditions.