Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 968430, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/968430
Research Article

Attitude and Knowledge of Indian Emergency Care Residents towards Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors

1Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Sijua, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751019, India
2Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110029, India

Received 29 August 2014; Revised 29 October 2014; Accepted 5 November 2014; Published 19 November 2014

Academic Editor: P. Ravi Shankar

Copyright © 2014 Biswa Mohan Padhy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Several studies carried out in developed countries have reported disproportionately high usage of acid suppressive drugs, especially proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). However, systematic assessment of attitude and practices of health care providers towards the use of these drugs in developing countries is lacking. In this study, we assessed the knowledge, attitude, and preferences of resident doctors posted in the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in North India, towards the use of PPIs. Methods. A questionnaire based survey was carried out. Results. Fifty resident doctors responded to the questionnaire. Thirty-six percent reported prescribing acid suppressive drugs for majority of their patients, while 12% prescribed them to almost all patients they attended. Acute gastritis was the most common indication for prescribing PPI/H2 blockers (50%). The majority of respondents (92%) regarded PPIs as their first choice in acid suppressive agents and 58% administered it through intravenous route. Knowledge about PPI related adverse effects was low. Conclusions. Emergency care residents in India also tend to overuse PPIs in a manner similar to their counterparts in developed countries. Specific measures may be helpful in preventing such practices.