Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 762045, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/762045
Research Article

Restless Legs Syndrome among Pakistani Population: A Cross-Sectional Study

1Dow Medical College and Civil Hospital Karachi, Sindh 74200, Pakistan
2Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Sindh 74200, Pakistan
3Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA

Received 18 August 2014; Revised 2 January 2015; Accepted 8 January 2015

Academic Editor: Chung-Yao Hsu

Copyright © 2015 Khalid Mahmood et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a chronic distressing disease characterized by an urge to move the legs with an unpleasantsensation during periods of rest. The global prevalence estimates of RLS range from 2.5% to 15%. Method. This cross-sectional study was conducted at various hospitals in Karachi during August 13 to March 14. The visitors who had accompanied patients to Outpatient Department or had come to visit admitted patients were approached conveniently. Subjects were interviewed regarding the essential criteria of RLS and its attributes. Results. The sample size was 390 with 56% being females. The point prevalence of RLS was estimated to be 23.6%. The prevalence in females was twice as high as compared to males. Smoking and low level of education were associated with RLS (). Among RLS positive individuals, 50.1% reported frequency of their symptoms to be greater than 16 days per month and 64.1% graded their symptom severity as mild to moderate. About 37% of RLS positive individuals consulted a general physician for their symptoms. Conclusion. RLS is highly prevalent and underdiagnosed condition among Pakistani population. Efforts must be directed to raise the awareness of this condition among physicians and general population.