Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2016, Article ID 1346026, 7 pages
Review Article

Guidelines for Reporting Medical Research: A Critical Appraisal

1Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark
2Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark

Received 12 December 2015; Accepted 9 March 2016

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai

Copyright © 2016 Mathilde Johansen and Simon Francis Thomsen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


As a response to a low quality of reporting of medical research, guidelines for several different types of study design have been developed to secure accurate reporting and transparency for reviewers and readers from the scientific community. Herein, we review and discuss the six most widely accepted and used guidelines: PRISMA, CONSORT, STROBE, MOOSE, STARD, and SPIRIT. It is concluded that the implementation of these guidelines has led to only a moderate improvement in the quality of the reporting of medical research. There is still much work to be done to achieve accurate and transparent reporting of medical research findings.