Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2016, Article ID 3018135, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3018135
Research Article

The Association of Hepatitis C Serological Status with Several Risk Factors in Indonesia

1Research and Development Center of Public Health Affairs, NIHRD, Jakarta, Indonesia
2Research and Development Center of Health Resources and Services, NIHRD, Jakarta, Indonesia
3Research and Development Center of Biomedical and Basic Technology of Health, NIHRD, Jakarta, Indonesia

Received 7 June 2016; Revised 9 September 2016; Accepted 3 October 2016

Academic Editor: Partha K. Chandra

Copyright © 2016 Noer Endah Pracoyo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver commonly caused by viral infection such as hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E but it is also possible by other causes. Infection with hepatitis C virus is also referred to as a disguise because the early infection is often asymptomatic that often goes undetected. This study aims at determining the several associated risk factors with hepatitis C serological status. The study design is cross-sectional. The biomedical data collection was carried out in 33 provinces in Indonesia with a population in urban blocks, census in Indonesia, where the sample is all household members over the age of one year from selected households by signing the informed consent. Total block census in selected urban area is about 971-block census with a total sample of 15.536 households. The results showed that there is a correlation between hepatitis C serological status and demographic group and that the age and occupation groups showed significant value obtained at 0.001 (OR = 3.27, CI = 1.84–5.81) and 0.209 (OR = 0.23, CI = 0.59–0.94). In conclusion, there are risk factors such as age and occupation that have a correlation of being infected with hepatitis C serological status.