Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2016, Article ID 6296458, 12 pages
Research Article

Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Traditional Cosmetics Sold in Tunisian Local Markets

1Centre d’Assistance Médicale et Urgente CAMU, 1008 Tunis Cedex, Tunisia
2Laboratoire de Toxicologie et Environnement LR12SP07, 10 rue Abou Kacem Chabbi, Montfleury, 1008 Tunis Cedex, Tunisia
3Laboratoires de Pharmaceutiques, Cosmétiques et Détergents, Centre Technique de la Chimie, 12 rue de l’Usine, Charguia II, Carthage, 2035 Tunis, Tunisia

Received 27 September 2015; Revised 16 December 2015; Accepted 30 December 2015

Academic Editor: Christophe Waterlot

Copyright © 2016 Mohamed Anouar Nouioui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study was undertaken in order to determine heavy metal contents in twelve () henna brands and eleven () kohl products. An analytical test was performed for Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn in henna and kohl products using atomic absorption spectrophotometery. The overall mean concentrations of heavy metals in henna varied between 1.2 and 8.9 μg g−1 for Pb; 0.8 and 18.6 μg g−1 for Cd; 0.5 μg g−1 and 3.3 μg g−1 for Cu; and 3.7 μg g−1 and 90.0 μg g−1 for Zn. As for kohl products, Pb concentrations ranged between 51.1 μg g−1 and 4839.5 μg g−1, Cd concentrations ranged between 1.0 μg g−1 and 158.6 μg g−1, Cu concentrations ranged between 2.5 μg g−1 and 162.5 μg g−1, and Zn concentrations ranged between 0.7 μg g−1 and 185.0 μg g−1. The results of our study revealed that Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn contents in investigated samples were high, making from the prolonged use of such products a potential threat to human health. Therefore, major quality controls are recommended in order to enforce acceptable limits of potential contaminants in cosmetics and good manufacturing practice.