Table 1: Characteristics of study participants.

Total
()
Diet Exercise
Compliant
()
Noncompliant
()
valueCompliant
()
Noncompliant
()
value

Age, Mean ± SD 54.7 ± 11.355.3 ± 11.453.8 ± 11.354.1 ± 11.355.3 ± 11.5
Sex, (%)
 Male111 (56.3)67 (60.4)44 (39.6)0.63259 (53.2)52 (46.8)0.71
 Female86 (43.7)49 (57.0)37 (43.0)48 (55.8)38 (44.2)
Ethnicity, (%)
 Upper caste groups79 (40.1)46 (58.2)33 (41.8)0.09347 (59.5)32 (40.5)0.103
 Janajati101 (51.3)64 (63.4)37 (36.6)48 (47.5)53 (52.5)
 Dalit and minorities17 (8.6)6 (35.3)11 (64.7)12 (70.6)5 (29.4)
Education, (%)
 Illiterate49 (24.9)31 (63.3)18 (36.7)0.51127 (55.1)22 (44.9)0.546
 Formal109 (55.3)65 (59.6)44 (40.4)56 (51.4)53 (48.6)
 University39 (19.8)20 (51.3)19 (48.7)24 (61.5)15 (38.5)
Occupation, (%)
 Retired23 (11.7)17 (73.9)6 (26.1)0.22213 (56.5)10 (43.5)0.762
 Professional24 (12.2)11 (45.8)13 (54.2)15 (62.5)9 (37.5)
 Agricultural33 (16.8)17 (51.5)16 (48.5)15 (45.5)18 (54.5)
 Business55 (27.9)36 (65.5)19 (34.5)31 (56.4)24 (43.6)
 Home Maker62 (31.5)35 (56.5)27 (43.5)33 (53.2)29 (46.8)
Marital status, (%)
 Married197 (100.0)116 (58.9)81 (41.1)107 (54.3)90 (45.7)
Family type, (%)
 Nuclear100 (50.8)58 (58.0)42 (42.0)0.79860 (60.0)40 (40.0)0.104
 Joint97 (49.2)58 (59.8)39 (40.2)47 (48.5)50 (51.5)
Family size, mean ± SD5.5 ± 2.55.4 ± 2.55.7 ± 2.45.5 ± 2.35.6 ± 2.7
Family income ($), mean ± SD360.2 ± 212.1369.6 ± 231.8346.8 ± 181.0387.0 ± 228.4328.3 ± 187.3
Residence, (%)
 Urban170 (86.3)101 (59.4)69 (40.6)0.70595 (55.9)75 (44.1)0.268
 Rural27 (13.7)15 (55.6)12 (44.4)12 (44.4)15 (55.6)
Smoking, (%)
 Yes46 (23.4)18 (39.1)28 (60.9)0.00325 (54.3)21 (45.7)0.527
 No128 (65)86 (67.2)42 (32.8)72 (56.3)56 (43.8)
 Previously23 (11.7)12 (52.2)11 (47.8)10 (43.5)13 (56.5)
Alcohol intake, (%)
 Yes76 (38.6)35 (46.1)41 (53.9)0.01342 (55.3)34 (44.7)0.116
 No100 (50.8)68 (68.0)32 (32.0)58 (58.0)42 (42.0)
 Previously21 (10.7)13 (61.9)8 (38.1)7 (33.3)14 (66.7)

  -test for mean differences between compliant and noncompliant groups. All others are Chi-square tests. difference between compliant and noncompliant to dietary advice. difference between compliant and noncompliant to exercise advice.