Table 2: Barriers to dietary compliance among the respondents.

Determinants of dietary barrierYes, (%)CompliantNoncompliant
Odds ratio (95% CI)

Self-efficacy (participant believed to be capable of dietary compliance)192 (97.5)Reference0.49 (0.09–2.55)0.30 (0.05–1.64)
Social acceptability (believed to have family, community support for dietary compliance)184 (93.4)Reference0.13 (0.030.54)0.14 (0.030.58)
Action efficacy (believed dietary compliance will control blood glucose)154 (78.2)Reference1.08 (0.55–2.14)1.16 (0.57–2.34)
Reminder (believed it is difficult to remember to comply)48 (24.4)Reference3.15 (1.626.15)2.77 (1.385.53)
Accessibility of materials (believed they have access to healthy food options)28 (14.2)Reference0.47 (0.21–1.05)0.51 (0.22–1.16)
Perceived severity (believed diabetes is a serious health problem)150 (76.1)Reference0.74 (0.38–1.42)0.64 (0.32–1.25)
Perceived risk (believed noncompliance to diet will lead to serious diabetes complications)131 (66.5)Reference0.77 (0.42–1.39)0.73 (0.40–1.36)

adjusted for age, gender, education, smoking, and alcohol.