Table 4: Barriers to compliance to exercise among the respondents.

Determinants of Barrier to physical activityYes, (%)CompliantNoncompliant
Odds ratio (95% CI)

Self-efficacy (Participant believed to be capable of compliance to exercise)178 (90.4)Reference0.10 (0.030.39)0.09 (0.020.34)
Social acceptability (Believed to have family, community support for compliance to exercise)168 (85.3)Reference0.11 (0.040.32)0.12 (0.040.34)
Action efficacy (Believed compliance to exercise will control blood glucose)142 (72.1)Reference0.75 (0.40–1.39)0.77 (0.41–1.47)
Reminder (Believed it is difficult to remember to comply)42 (21.3)Reference1.25 (0.63–2.45)1.19 (0.59–2.38)
Accessibility of materials (Believed they have access to resources to exercise)58 (29.4)Reference1.27 (0.69–2.36)1.25 (0.68–2.32)
Perceived severity (Believed diabetes is a serious health problem)151 (76.6)Reference1.41 (0.72–2.74)1.39 (0.72–2.70)
Perceived risk (Believed noncompliance to exercise will lead to serious diabetes complications)138 (70.1)Reference0.82 (0.45–1.51)0.84 (0.45–1.56)

adjusted for age, gender, education, smoking, and alcohol.