Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2693681, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2693681
Review Article

Dual Kidney Transplantation: A Review of Past and Prospect for Future

1Diaverum Prince Abdul Majeed Renal Centre, Al Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Jeddah 21146, Saudi Arabia
2RIPAS Hospital, Bandar Seri Begawan BA1710, Brunei Darussalam
3King Salman Armed Forces Hospital, TabukKing Abdul Aziz Rd., Tabuk 47512, Saudi Arabia
4Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 25000, Pakistan
5Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi 74800, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Muhammad Abdul Mabood Khalil; moc.liamtoh@5791lilahkrotcod

Received 18 December 2016; Revised 8 March 2017; Accepted 10 April 2017; Published 2 July 2017

Academic Editor: Anjali Satoskar

Copyright © 2017 Muhammad Abdul Mabood Khalil et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Kidney transplantation (KT) is one of the treatment options for patients with chronic kidney disease. The number of patients waiting for kidney transplantation is growing day by day. Various strategies have been put in place to expand the donor pool. Extended criteria donors are now accepted more frequently. Increasing number of elderly donors with age > 60 years, history of diabetes or hypertension, and clinical proteinuria are accepted as donor. Dual kidney transplantation (DKT) is also more frequently done and experience with this technique is slowly building up. DKT not only helps to reduce the number of patients on waiting list but also limits unnecessary discard of viable organs. Surgical complications of DKT are comparable to single kidney transplantation (SKT). Patient and graft survivals are also promising. This review article provides a summary of evidence available in the literature.