Table of Contents
Journal of Allergy
Volume 2009, Article ID 518903, 6 pages
Clinical Study

Conjunctivitis and Total IgE in Lacrimal Fluid: Lacrytest Screening

1Allergy Department, Dexeus Institute, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08028 Barcelona, Spain
2Ophthalmology Department, Mutua de Terrassa Hospital, 08221 Barcelona, Spain
3Laboratori de Bioestadística i Epidemiología (LBE), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Barcelona, Spain
4Servei de Farmacologia Clínica, Unitat d'Avaluació Prevenció i Suport (UASP), Hospital Clínic, 08036 Barcelona, Spain

Received 29 December 2008; Accepted 9 March 2009

Academic Editor: Nima Rezaei

Copyright © 2009 Susana Monzón et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Bonini, “Atopic keratoconjunctivitis,” Allergy, vol. 59, pp. 71–73, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  2. S. J. Ono and M. B. Abelson, “Allergic conjunctivitis: update on pathophysiology and prospects for future treatment,” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 118–122, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  3. M. Ballow and L. Mendelson, “Specific immunoglobulin E antibodies in tear secretions of patients with vernal conjunctivitis,” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 112–118, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. S. Liotet, V. N. Warnet, and M. Arrata, “Lacrimal immunoglobulin E and allergic conjunctivitis,” Ophthalmologica, vol. 186, no. 1, pp. 31–34, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Doan, N. Belayachi, L. Ren, and T. Hoang-Xuan, “Tear IgE level measurement using semiquantitative methods in children with vernal keratoconjunctivitis,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 43, 2002, E-abstract 114. View at Google Scholar
  6. “Skin tests used in type I allergy testing Position paper. Sub-Committee on Skin Tests of the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology,” Allergy, vol. 44, pp. 1–59, 1989.
  7. C. Möller, B. Björksten, G. Nilsson, and S. Dreborg, “The precision of the conjunctival provocation test,” Allergy, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 37–41, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. D. G. Altman and J. M. Bland, “Diagnostic tests 1: sensitivity and specificity,” British Medical Journal, vol. 308, no. 6943, p. 1552, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  9. M. J. Gardner and D. Altman, Statistics with Confidence, BMJ, London, UK, 1989.
  10. L. Bielory, “Immunology of the eye,” Allergy Proceedings, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 365–369, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  11. L. Bielory, “Allergic and immunologic disorders of the eye—part II: ocular allergy,” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 1019–1032, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. L. Sirbikaite and N. Ehlers, “The use of Lacrytest® in ocular allergy,” Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, vol. 85, no. 1, p. 117, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. V. Aalders-Deenstra, P. T. M. Kok, and P. L. B. Bruynzeel, “Measurement of total IgE antibody levels in lacrimal fluid of patients suffering from atopic and non-atopic eye disorders. Evidence for local IgE production in atopic eye disorders?,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 380–384, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. O. Kari, O. P. Salo, F. Björkstén, and A. Backman, “Allergic conjunctivitis, total and specific IgE in the tear fluid,” Acta Ophthalmologica, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 97–99, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  15. A. Leonardi, M. C. Battista, M. Gismondi, I. A. Fregona, and A. G. Secchi, “Antigen sensitivity evaluated by tear-specific and serum-specific IgE, skin tests, and conjunctival and nasal provocation tests in patients with ocular allergic disease,” Eye, vol. 7, part 3, pp. 461–464, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  16. L. Batellier, C. Poilane, J. Rault, C. Chaumeil, and Y. Scat, “Measurement of total IgE in tears: the adaptation of an immunoenzyme technique and the value of investigating locally produced IgE in the diagnosis of chronic conjunctivitis,” Annales de Biologie Clinique, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 469–473, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  17. K. Nomura and E. Takamura, “Tear IgE concentrations in allergic conjunctivitis,” Eye, vol. 12, part 2, pp. 296–298, 1998. View at Google Scholar