Table of Contents
Journal of Allergy
Volume 2014, Article ID 980735, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/980735
Research Article

Growth Parameters Impairment in Patients with Food Allergies

Pediatrics Department, Federal University of Uberlândia, Campus Umuarama, Avenida Para 1720, 38400-920 Uberlândia, MG, Brazil

Received 23 February 2014; Revised 10 April 2014; Accepted 2 May 2014; Published 15 May 2014

Academic Editor: Ting Fan Leung

Copyright © 2014 Larissa Carvalho Costa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Aims. Food allergy (FA) is a common disease that is rapidly increasing in prevalence for reasons that remain unknown. Objective. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics and anthropometric data of patients with food allergies followed in a tertiary centre of allergy and immunology. Methods. A retrospective study was performed that assessed the data records of patients with food allergy diagnosis, covering a period from February 2009 to February 2012. Results. 354 patients were evaluated in the period; 228 (69.1%) patients had a confirmed FA diagnosis. The -scores for weight-for-age, height-for-age, and body mass indices-for-age showed lower significant values in the FA group compared with the non-FA group by Mann-Whitney test, with significance values of , , and , respectively. There were no statistical differences in sex, gestational age, birth type, breastfeeding period, and age of introduction of complementary formulas based on cow milk protein between groups. Conclusion. FA patients had a lower growth rate in comparison with patients without FA. The early recognition of food allergies with the establishment of protein-implicated diet exclusion, in association with an adequate nutrient replenishment, is important to reduce the nutritional impact of food allergies.