Journal of Allergy / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Validation of the English Version of the Scale for Psychosocial Factors in Food Allergy and the Relationship with Mental Health, Quality of Life, and Self-Efficacy

Table 1

Characteristics of respondents (%).

Sample
/%

Parents age (mean, s.d.)42.21 (6.41)
Sex of parent completing survey
 Male19 (4.4%)
 Female411 (94.7%)
Country of residence
 UK410 (94.5%)
 Other EU12 (2.8%)
 Non-EU8 (1.8%)
Child age in years (mean, s.d.)9.47 (4.7)
Child age range (years)1–18
Sex of child with food allergy
 Male282 (65%)
 Female148 (34.1%)
Number of children within family (mean, s.d.)2.03 (1.12)
Number of children in family with a food allergy
 One382 (88%)
 Two44 (10.1%)
 Three6 (1.4%)
Foods reported
 Peanut335 (77.2%)
 Tree nut287 (66.1%)
 Both peanut and tree nut265 (54.1%)
 Cow’s milk119 (27.4%)
 Egg162 (37.3%)
 Soya30 (6.9%)
 Fruit54 (12.4%)
 Fish32 (7.4%)
 Sesame43 (9.9%)
 Wheat16 (3.68%)
 Shellfish34 (7.8%)
Symptoms reported
 Vomiting228 (52.5%)
 Abdominal pain155 (35.7%)
 Rash, hives, urticaria324 (74.7%)
 Facial swelling280 (64.5%)
 Breathing difficulties214 (49.3%)
 Throat tightening177 (40.8%)
Other allergies
 Latex14 (3.2%)
 Tree pollen111 (25.6)
 Grass pollen121 (27.9%)
Asthma310 (71.4%)
Eczema366 (84.3%)
Hay-fever240 (55.3%)
History of anaphylaxis226 (52.1%)
Carries adrenaline autoinjector411 (94.7%)
How allergy diagnosed
 Skin prick test327 (75.3%)
 Blood test264 (60.8%)
 Food challenge66 (15.2%)
Hospitalisation due to an allergic reaction to food282 (65%)

When % do not add up to 100 there are missing values; when % total more than 100 parents were able to select more than one answer.