Journal of Amino Acids / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Postprandial Levels of Branch Chained and Aromatic Amino Acids Associate with Fasting Glycaemia

Table 1

Clinical characteristics and overnight fasting metabolic measurements in 21 participants, with standard deviation before intake of four different protein challenge tests. values are calculated using one-way ANOVA. Hyperglycaemia was defined as fasting glucose > 6.1 mM and overweight as BMI > 25.0.

Dairy
Fish
Plant foods
Meat

Age (years)34.5 (±9.9)
Sex (% female)47.6
BMI (kg/m2)24.8 (±2.8)
Waist (cm)86.1 (±9.8)
Overweight (%)42.9
Current smokers (%)28.6
Hyperglycaemia (%)4.8
Insulin (pM)39.8 (±15)41.1 (±18)38.5 (±15)37.8 (±15)0.91
HOMA-IR1.66 (±0.74)1.69 (±0.93)1.51 (±0.68)1.49 (±0.70)0.78
Glucose (mM)5.56 (±0.63)5.44 (±0.53)5.23 (±0.51)5.26 (±0.56)0.19
Triglycerides (mM)0.96 (±0.64)0.85 (±0.34)0.91 (±0.37)1.01 (±0.39)0.57
Cholesterol (mM)4.54 (±0.58)4.45 (±0.71)4.64 (±0.72)4.64 (±0.73)0.79
LDL cholesterol (mM)2.82 (±0.63)2.75 (±0.65)2.91 (±0.74)2.83 (±0.71)0.93
HDL cholesterol (mM)1.62 (±0.39)1.56 (±0.37)1.64 (±0.41)1.65 (±0.40)0.80
Ile (µM)65.4 (±17.6)59.6 (±12.9)60.9 (±19.8)62.5 (±12.8)0.67
Phe (µM)70.9 (±11.6)67.1 (±12.4)67.0 (±11.1)69.5 (±13.0)0.62
Tyr (µM)121.6 (±26.9)114.5 (±28.9)129.5 (±62.0)118.1 (±51.7)0.73

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